Culture and entrepreneurial orientation: a multi-country study

Original Article

DOI: 10.1007/s11365-009-0117-4

Cite this article as:
Lee, S.M., Lim, S. & Pathak, R.D. Int Entrep Manag J (2011) 7: 1. doi:10.1007/s11365-009-0117-4


Entrepreneurial orientation (EO) has been proven as an essential attribute of high performing firms, and the role of culture has been highlighted for generating robust EO. The purpose of this study is to investigate the role of culture by identifying differences among the selected nations in terms of EO dimensions. This is an empirical study based on the data collected from university students in the U.S., Korea, Fiji, India, and Malaysia representing nations with significantly different cultural contexts. The result showed significant differences among the nations in most EO dimensions. This implies that customized education approaches based on unique cultural context are needed for developing EO among college students.


Entrepreneurial orientation Culture Cross-cultural study Multi-country study 

Copyright information

© Springer Science + Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sang M. Lee
    • 1
  • Seong-bae Lim
    • 2
  • Raghuvar D. Pathak
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of ManagementUniversity of Nebraska-LincolnLincolnUSA
  2. 2.Bill Greehey School of Business, St. Mary’s UniversitySan AntonioUSA
  3. 3.Department of Management & Public AdministrationUniversity of the South PacificSuvaFiji

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