Skip to main content

Advertisement

Log in

Relationship between quadriceps femoris echo intensity, muscle power, and functional capacity of older men

  • Published:
AGE Aims and scope Submit manuscript

Abstract

Increased proportion of non-contractile elements can be observed during aging by enhanced skeletal muscle echo intensity (EI). Studies have demonstrated that an increase in rectus femoris EI may affect physical performance. However, it is still unknown whether the whole quadriceps femoris EI (QEI) influences strength, power, and functional capacity of an older population. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to determine the correlation between QEI, the four individual quadriceps portions EI, and muscular performance of older men. Fifty sedentary healthy men (66.1 ± 4.5 years, 1.75 ± 0.06 m, 80.2 ± 11.0 kg) volunteered for the present study. The QEI and EI of the four quadriceps portions were calculated by ultrasound imaging. Knee extension one repetition maximum (1RM), isometric peak torque (PT), and rate of torque development (RTD) were obtained as measures of muscular strength. Muscular power was determined by knee extension with 60 % of 1RM and countermovement jump (CMJ). The 30-s sit-to-stand test was evaluated as a functional capacity parameter. QEI and all individual EI were correlated to functional capacity and power during CMJ (p ≤ 0.05), but rectus femoris EI was not related to knee extension average power (p > 0.05). There were significant correlations between all EI variables, 1RM, PT, and RTD at 0.2 s (p ≤ 0.05), but only vastus medialis EI and QEI were correlated to RTD at 0.05 s (p ≤ 0.05). The results of the present study suggest that QEI is related to muscular power and functional capacity of older subjects, but the EI of some individual quadriceps portions may underestimate the correlations with muscular performance.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in via an institution to check access.

Access this article

Subscribe and save

Springer+ Basic
EUR 32.99 /Month
  • Get 10 units per month
  • Download Article/Chapter or Ebook
  • 1 Unit = 1 Article or 1 Chapter
  • Cancel anytime
Subscribe now

Buy Now

Price excludes VAT (USA)
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.

Instant access to the full article PDF.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3

Similar content being viewed by others

References

  • Andersen JL (2003) Muscle fibre type adaptation in the elderly human muscle. Scand J Med Sci Sports 13(1):40–47

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Andersen LL, Aagaard P (2006) Influence of maximal muscle strength and intrinsic muscle contractile properties on contractile rate of force development. Eur J Appl Physiol 96(1):46–52. doi:10.1007/s00421-005-0070-z

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Arts IM, Pillen S, Schelhaas HJ, Overeem S, Zwarts MJ (2010) Normal values for quantitative muscle ultrasonography in adults. Muscle Nerve 41(1):32–41. doi:10.1002/mus.21458

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Bento PC, Pereira G, Ugrinowitsch C, Rodacki AL (2010) Peak torque and rate of torque development in elderly with and without fall history. Clin Biomech (Bristol, Avon) 25(5):450–454. doi:10.1016/j.clinbiomech.2010.02.002

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Berg HE, Tedner B, Tesch PA (1993) Changes in lower limb muscle cross-sectional area and tissue fluid volume after transition from standing to supine. Acta Physiol Scand 148(4):379–385. doi:10.1111/j.1748-1716.1993.tb09573.x

    Article  CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Bosco C, Komi PV (1980) Influence of aging on the mechanical behavior of leg extensor muscles. Eur J Appl Physiol Occup Physiol 45(2–3):209–219

    Article  CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Bottaro M, Machado SN, Nogueira W, Scales R, Veloso J (2007) Effect of high versus low-velocity resistance training on muscular fitness and functional performance in older men. Eur J Appl Physiol 99(3):257–264. doi:10.1007/s00421-006-0343-1

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Cadore EL, Izquierdo M, Conceicao M, Radaelli R, Pinto RS, Baroni BM, Vaz MA, Alberton CL, Pinto SS, Cunha G, Bottaro M, Kruel LF (2012) Echo intensity is associated with skeletal muscle power and cardiovascular performance in elderly men. Exp Gerontol 47(6):473–478. doi:10.1016/j.exger.2012.04.002

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Clark BC, Manini TM (2008) Sarcopenia =/= dynapenia. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 63(8):829–834

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Clark BC, Manini TM (2012) What is dynapenia? Nutrition 28(5):495–503. doi:10.1016/j.nut.2011.12.002

    Article  PubMed Central  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Conte M, Vasuri F, Trisolino G, Bellavista E, Santoro A, Degiovanni A, Martucci E, D'Errico-Grigioni A, Caporossi D, Capri M, Maier AB, Seynnes O, Barberi L, Musaro A, Narici MV, Franceschi C, Salvioli S (2013) Increased Plin2 expression in human skeletal muscle is associated with sarcopenia and muscle weakness. PLoS One 8(8):e73709. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0073709

    Article  CAS  PubMed Central  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Correa CS, LaRoche DP, Cadore EL, Reischak-Oliveira A, Bottaro M, Kruel LF, Tartaruga MP, Radaelli R, Wilhelm EN, Lacerda FC, Gaya AR, Pinto RS (2012) 3 Different types of strength training in older women. Int J Sports Med 33(12):962–969. doi:10.1055/s-0032-1312648

    Article  CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Foldvari M, Clark M, Laviolette LC, Bernstein MA, Kaliton D, Castaneda C, Pu CT, Hausdorff JM, Fielding RA, Fiatarone Singh MA (2000) Association of muscle power with functional status in community-dwelling elderly women. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 55(4):M192–M199

    Article  CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Fukumoto Y, Ikezoe T, Yamada Y, Tsukagoshi R, Nakamura M, Mori N, Kimura M, Ichihashi N (2012) Skeletal muscle quality assessed from echo intensity is associated with muscle strength of middle-aged and elderly persons. Eur J Appl Physiol 112(4):1519–1525. doi:10.1007/s00421-011-2099-5

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Goodpaster BH, Carlson CL, Visser M, Kelley DE, Scherzinger A, Harris TB, Stamm E, Newman AB (2001) Attenuation of skeletal muscle and strength in the elderly: the Health ABC Study. J Appl Physiol 90(6):2157–2165

    CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Izquierdo M, Aguado X, Gonzalez R, López JL, Häkkinen K (1999a) Maximal and explosive force production capacity and balance performance in men of different ages. Eur J Appl Physiol Occup Physiol 79(3):260–267. doi:10.1007/s004210050504

    Article  CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Izquierdo M, Ibanez J, Gorostiaga E, Garrues M, Zuniga A, Anton A, Larrion JL, Hakkinen K (1999b) Maximal strength and power characteristics in isometric and dynamic actions of the upper and lower extremities in middle-aged and older men. Acta Physiol Scand 167(1):57–68. doi:10.1046/j.1365-201x.1999.00590.x

    Article  CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Izquierdo M, Häkkinen K, Antón A, Garrues M, Ibañez J, Ruesta M, Gorostiaga EM (2001) Maximal strength and power, endurance performance, and serum hormones in middle-aged and elderly men. Med Sci Sports Exerc 33(9):1577–1587

    Article  CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Jones CJ, Rikli RE, Beam WC (1999) A 30-s chair-stand test as a measure of lower body strength in community-residing older adults. Res Q Exerc Sport 70(2):113–119

    Article  CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Klein CS, Rice CL, Marsh GD (2001) Normalized force, activation, and coactivation in the arm muscles of young and old men. J Appl Physiol 91(3):1341–1349

    CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Korhonen MT, Mero AA, Alen M, Sipila S, Hakkinen K, Liikavainio T, Viitasalo JT, Haverinen MT, Suominen H (2009) Biomechanical and skeletal muscle determinants of maximum running speed with aging. Med Sci Sports Exerc 41(4):844–856. doi:10.1249/MSS.0b013e3181998366

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Larsson L, Sjodin B, Karlsson J (1978) Histochemical and biochemical changes in human skeletal muscle with age in sedentary males, age 22–65 years. Acta Physiol Scand 103(1):31–39. doi:10.1111/j.1748-1716.1978.tb06187.x

    Article  CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Lynch NA, Metter EJ, Lindle RS, Fozard JL, Tobin JD, Roy TA, Fleg JL, Hurley BF (1999) Muscle quality. I. Age-associated differences between arm and leg muscle groups. J Appl Physiol 86(1):188–194

    CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Morse CI, Thom JM, Davis MG, Fox KR, Birch KM, Narici MV (2004) Reduced plantarflexor specific torque in the elderly is associated with a lower activation capacity. Eur J Appl Physiol 92(1–2):219–226. doi:10.1007/s00421-004-1056-y

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Pereira MP, Goncalves M (2011) Muscular coactivation (CA) around the knee reduces power production in elderly women. Arch Gerontol Geriatr 52(3):317–321. doi:10.1016/j.archger.2010.04.024

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Pijnappels M, van der Burg JCE, Reeves ND, van Dieën JH (2008) Identification of elderly fallers by muscle strength measures. Eur J Appl Physiol 102(5):585–592. doi:10.1007/s00421-007-0613-6

    Article  PubMed Central  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Pillen S, van Keimpema M, Nievelstein RA, Verrips A, van Kruijsbergen-Raijmann W, Zwarts MJ (2006) Skeletal muscle ultrasonography: visual versus quantitative evaluation. Ultrasound Med Biol 32(9):1315–1321. doi:10.1016/j.ultrasmedbio.2006.05.028

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Pillen S, Tak RO, Zwarts MJ, Lammens MM, Verrijp KN, Arts IM, van der Laak JA, Hoogerbrugge PM, van Engelen BG, Verrips A (2009) Skeletal muscle ultrasound: correlation between fibrous tissue and echo intensity. Ultrasound Med Biol 35(3):443–446. doi:10.1016/j.ultrasmedbio.2008.09.016

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Radaelli R, Botton CE, Wilhelm EN, Bottaro M, Lacerda F, Gaya A, Moraes K, Peruzzolo A, Brown LE, Pinto RS (2013) Low- and high-volume strength training induces similar neuromuscular improvements in muscle quality in elderly women. Exp Gerontol 48(8):710–716. doi:10.1016/j.exger.2013.04.003

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Rikli RE, Jones CJ (1999) Development and validation of a functional fitness test for community-residing older adults. J Aging Phys Act 7(2):129–161

    Google Scholar 

  • Sipila S, Suominen H (1991) Ultrasound imaging of the quadriceps muscle in elderly athletes and untrained men. Muscle Nerve 14(6):527–533. doi:10.1002/mus.880140607

    Article  CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Sipila S, Suominen H (1993) Muscle ultrasonography and computed tomography in elderly trained and untrained women. Muscle Nerve 16(3):294–300. doi:10.1002/mus.880160309

    Article  CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Strasser EM, Draskovits T, Praschak M, Quittan M, Graf A (2013) Association between ultrasound measurements of muscle thickness, pennation angle, echogenicity and skeletal muscle strength in the elderly. Age (Dordr). doi:10.1007/s11357-013-9517-z

    Google Scholar 

  • Suzuki T, Bean JF, Fielding RA (2001) Muscle power of the ankle flexors predicts functional performance in community-dwelling older women. J Am Geriatr Soc 49(9):1161–1167

    Article  CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Taylor R (1990) Interpretation of the correlation coefficient: a basic review. J Diagn Med Sonogr 6(1):1990

    Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Acknowledgments

The authors would like to thank the CNPq (Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico) and CAPES (Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior) for their financial support. The ultrasound device used in the present study was supplied by CAPES (Edital Pro-equipamentos institucional Nº 025/2011).

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Eurico Nestor Wilhelm.

About this article

Cite this article

Wilhelm, E.N., Rech, A., Minozzo, F. et al. Relationship between quadriceps femoris echo intensity, muscle power, and functional capacity of older men. AGE 36, 1113–1122 (2014). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11357-014-9625-4

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Accepted:

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11357-014-9625-4

Keywords

Navigation