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Microbial assemblage for solid waste bioremediation and valorization with an essence of bioengineering


Environmental solid waste bioremediation is a method of treating contaminated solid waste that involves changing ecological conditions to foster the growth of a broad spectrum of microorganisms and the destruction of the target contaminants. A wide range of microorganisms creates metabolites that may break down and change solid waste-based pollution to various value-added molecules. Diverse bioremediation technologies, their limitations, and the procedure involve recycling solid waste materials from the environment. The existing environmental solid waste disposal services are insufficient and must be upgraded with more lucrative recovery, recycling, and reuse technologies to decrease the enormous expenditures in treatment procedures. Bioremediation of solid waste eliminates the toxic components. It restores the site with the advent of potential microbial communities towards solid waste valorization utilizing agriculture solid waste, organic food waste, plastic solid waste, and multiple industrial solid wastes.Bioengineering on diverse ranges of microbial regimes has accelerated to provide extra momentum toward solid waste recycling and valorization. This approach increases the activity of bioremediating microbes in the commercial development of waste treatment techniques and increases the cost-effective valuable product generation. This framework facilitates collaboration between solid waste and utilities. It can aid in establishing a long-term management strategy for recycling development with the advent of a broad spectrum of potential microbial assemblages, increasing solid waste contamination tolerance efficiency and solid waste degradability. The current literature survey extensively summarises solid waste remediation valorization using a broad spectrum of microbial assemblages with special emphasis on bioengineering-based acceleration. This approach is to attain sustainable environmental management and value-added biomolecule generation.

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The authors express gratitude to JIS University and JIS Educational Initiatives for encouragement and support.

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Dr. Dipankar Ghosh performs construction and conceptualization of the draft, literature survey, final drafting, editing, proofreading, and supervision. All authors have approved the review article for publication; Palash Ghorai performs an extensive literature review, drafting, compilation, and generation of figures and tables including formatting; Soumita Sarkar, Kumar Sagar Maiti, Serma Rimil Hansda, and Parna Das have performed literature survey, initial drafting, and gather relevant dataset for tables and figures.

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Correspondence to Dipankar Ghosh.

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The authors declare no competing interests.

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Responsible Editor: Ta Yeong Wu

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Ghosh, D., Ghorai, P., Sarkar, S. et al. Microbial assemblage for solid waste bioremediation and valorization with an essence of bioengineering. Environ Sci Pollut Res 30, 16797–16816 (2023).

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  • Biodegradable wastes
  • Pollutants environment
  • Waste transformation
  • Value-added biomolecules
  • Waste hierarchy
  • Metabolic engineering