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Microplastic in freshwater ecosystem: bioaccumulation, trophic transfer, and biomagnification

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Abstract

Plastic wastes in the environment ultimately reach to the aquatic habitats and become available to aquatic organisms. The pathway of microplastic in aquatic ecosystem is very less investigated specially in freshwater. There have been evidences of MPs ingestion by freshwater biota but the fate of these MPs further in the food chain is unexplored. Thus, we reviewed the status of MPs in freshwater biota and tried to compare the studies to merge the available information, concepts, and perspectives in order to draw a conclusion on bioaccumulation potential, trophic transfer possibilities, biomagnification, and trends of ingesting MPs by the biota. In this review, the previously available information about MPs in aquatic biota is arranged, analyzed, and interpreted to understand all possible routes of MPs in freshwater habitats. The review further provides a better understanding about the lack of information and research gaps that are needed to be explored to develop a solution to the problem of MPs in near future.

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JSC designed the research, VB conducted the research analysis work, and JSC and VB interpreted the result and drafted the manuscript.

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Correspondence to Jaspal Singh Chauhan.

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Bhatt, V., Chauhan, J.S. Microplastic in freshwater ecosystem: bioaccumulation, trophic transfer, and biomagnification. Environ Sci Pollut Res 30, 9389–9400 (2023). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-022-24529-w

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