Skip to main content

Advertisement

Log in

Metal bioaccumulation in fish from the Araguari River (Amazon biome) and human health risks from fish consumption

  • Research Article
  • Published:
Environmental Science and Pollution Research Aims and scope Submit manuscript

Abstract

Recently, high concentrations of metals have been found in the waters from sampling sites located in the Araguari River lower section. These metals can be bioaccumulated by fish, but also biomagnified, representing a potential risk through human consumption. Here, we aimed to (1) determine the metal concentrations in muscle samples from fish; (2) evaluate bioaccumulation of metals in muscle tissue of fish species with different feeding behaviors; and (3) investigate the risks of single metals, as well as mixture of metals, to human fish consumption. Eleven fish species were sampled (3 carnivorous, 5 omnivorous, and 3 detritivorous). In four fish species, Cd and Pb concentrations exceeded the Brazilian maximum limits (MLs) for human consumption. Individually, Pb and Cd concentrations in the muscle of these fish indicate risks to human health. When considering the mixture of metals, the consumption of all fish species represents risks. The highest risks implicate detritivorous species. For all fish species evaluated, the estimated daily intake (EDI) of Hg shows values above its reference dose (RfD). Our results suggest the need to establish an environmental monitoring program that aims to preserve environmental quality, biodiversity, and human health. It is also necessary to develop actions that aim to educate Amazonian populations on safe fish preparation and consumption.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in via an institution to check access.

Access this article

Subscribe and save

Springer+ Basic
EUR 32.99 /Month
  • Get 10 units per month
  • Download Article/Chapter or Ebook
  • 1 Unit = 1 Article or 1 Chapter
  • Cancel anytime
Subscribe now

Buy Now

Price excludes VAT (USA)
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.

Instant access to the full article PDF.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3

Similar content being viewed by others

Data availability

The datasets evaluated in this study are available from the corresponding author and can be made available upon reasonable request.

References

Download references

Funding

We thank the Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Amapá-FAPEAP (Process 250.2303.123/2018), ICMBio (license 63366–1), Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico-CNPq (Process 429400/2016–0), CNPq (Process 311975/2018–6, CALC), and the Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior-CAPES/FAPEAP for the scholarship awarded to the first author.

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Contributions

Lucilene Finoto Viana: conceptualization and writing-original draft; Fábio Kummrow: writing-review and editing; Claudia Andrea Lima Cardoso: methodology, review, and editing; Nathalya Alice de Lima: formal analysis, review, and editing; Bruno do Amaral Crispim: review and editing; Alexeia Barufatti: review and editing; and Alexandro Cezar Florentino: formal analysis, review, and editing.

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Lucilene Finoto Viana.

Ethics declarations

Ethics approval and consent to participate

Not applicable.

Consent for publication

Not applicable.

Competing interests

The authors declare no competing interests.

Additional information

Responsible Editor: Severine Le Faucheur

Publisher's note

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Rights and permissions

Springer Nature or its licensor holds exclusive rights to this article under a publishing agreement with the author(s) or other rightsholder(s); author self-archiving of the accepted manuscript version of this article is solely governed by the terms of such publishing agreement and applicable law.

Reprints and permissions

About this article

Check for updates. Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Viana, L.F., Kummrow, F., Cardoso, C.A.L. et al. Metal bioaccumulation in fish from the Araguari River (Amazon biome) and human health risks from fish consumption. Environ Sci Pollut Res 30, 4111–4122 (2023). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-022-22457-3

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Accepted:

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-022-22457-3

Keywords

Navigation