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Mechanical performance and Taguchi optimization of kenaf fiber/cement-paperboard composite for interior application

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Demand for particleboards keeps increasing and as such more trees are fell for its production, engendering deforestation. For the purpose of reducing falling of trees, this study, focused on recycling of waste paper in the development of paperboard as alternative to particleboards used for furniture and interior household applications. Kenaf fiber (KF) was blended at varying proportions of 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5 wt.% with 20 wt.% constant cement and 20 wt.% constant coconut shell powder while the remaining was paper pulp. Board specimen developed were cured for 14, 28, and 90 days and mechanical properties were examined. Results obtained showed that fiber dosage improved bond strength and screw holding strengths as compared with the control mix. Similarly, modulus of rupture was enhanced with KF loading as compared with control mix while 1 to 3 wt.% KF spawned enhancement of modulus of elasticity. However, 4 and 5 wt.% KF led to a reduction in the modulus. Infusion of the fiber enhanced tensile strength from 1 to 3 wt.% content. 14-day and 28-day curing periods were observed to improve properties while the 90-day curing period is detrimental to all properties. Optimization via signal-to-noise ratio revealed an optimum mix of 2 wt.% obtained for fiber and an optimum curing duration of 28 days.

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The authors appreciate the Department of Construction and Wood Technology, Akenten Appiah-Menka University of Skills Training and Entrepreneurial Development, Kumasi, Ghana, Center of Functional Nano-Ceramics, National University of Science and Technology «MISIS», 119049, Lenin av., 4, Moscow, Russia, Department of Material Science and Engineering, University of Virginia US. 

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A.A. Akinwande: Conceptualization, methodology, investigation, formal analysis, data curation, writing—original draft, writing—review & editing. O.A. Balogun: methodology, writing – review & editing. V. Romanovski: Conceptualization, Formal analysis, data curation, visualization, writing—review & editing. H. Danso: Conceptualization, methodology, writing—review & editing. M. Kamarou: formal analysis. A.O. Ademati: reagent procurement, methodology, writing—review & editing.

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Correspondence to Abayomi Adewale Akinwande.

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Akinwande, A.A., Balogun, O.A., Romanovski, V. et al. Mechanical performance and Taguchi optimization of kenaf fiber/cement-paperboard composite for interior application. Environ Sci Pollut Res 29, 52675–52688 (2022).

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