Skip to main content
Log in

Impact of roof rain water harvesting of runoff capture and household consumption

  • Research Article
  • Published:
Environmental Science and Pollution Research Aims and scope Submit manuscript


In recent years, the occurrence of floods is one of the most important challenges facing in Hamadan city. In the absence/inefficiency of urban drainage systems, rainwater harvesting (RWH) systems as low-impact development (LID) methods can be considered as a measure to reduce the floods. In this study, three scenarios concerning the RWH from the roof surfaces are studied to evaluate the type of the harvested water on reducing flooding. In the first scenario, which indicates the current situation in the studied area, it is indicated that there is no harvest of the roof surfaces in the studied area. The second scenario is about the use of water harvested from the roof surfaces for household purposes. The third scenario also refers to the use of harvested water for irrigation of gardens. The simulation results of these three scenarios using the Soil Conservation Service (SCS) method in the Hydrologic Modeling System (HEC-HMS) model reveal that if the second scenario is implemented, the runoff volume decreases from 28 to 12% for the return period from 2 to 100 years. However, in the third scenario, this reduction in runoff volume will be 48 and 27% for return periods of 2 to 100 years, respectively. Therefore, the results of this study indicate that the use of harvested water can also affect the reduction on runoff volume.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in via an institution to check access.

Access this article

Price excludes VAT (USA)
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.

Instant access to the full article PDF.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3
Fig. 4
Fig. 5
Fig. 6
Fig. 7

Similar content being viewed by others

Data availability

The datasets used and/or analyzed during the current study are available from the corresponding author on reasonable request.


Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations



Conceptualization: Ali Reza Ilderomi, Mehdi Sepehri; Data curation: Ali Reza Ilderomi; Formal analysis: Mehdi Sepehri; Investigation: Farshid Jahanbakhshi;Methodology: Mehdi Sepehri; Resources: Sarita Gajbhiye Meshram; Software: Mehdi Sepehri; Supervision: Ali Reza Ilderomi; Validation/ Visualization: Mahboobeh Kiani-Harchegani; Writing—original draft: Mehdi Sepehri, Afshin Ghahramani; Writing—review and editing: Jesús Rodrigo-Comino, Sarita Gajbhiye Meshram.

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Ali Reza Ilderomi.

Ethics declarations

Ethics approval and consent to participate

Not applicable.

Consent for publication

Not applicable.

Competing interests

The authors declare no competing interests.

Additional information

Responsible Editor: Philippe Garrigues

Publisher’s note

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Appendix. List of acronyms used in the present study

Appendix. List of acronyms used in the present study


rain-water harvesting


soil conservation service


hydrologic modeling system


nature-based solutions


low-impact development


combined sewer overflow


Storm Water Management Model


effective impervious area


curve number


antecedent soil moisture conditions


relative error


total roof surface area


effective collecting surface area


collecting losses


first flush

Rights and permissions

Reprints and permissions

About this article

Check for updates. Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Meshram, S.G., Ilderomi, A.R., Sepehri, M. et al. Impact of roof rain water harvesting of runoff capture and household consumption. Environ Sci Pollut Res 28, 49529–49540 (2021).

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Accepted:

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: