Biosorption is an ingenious technique that uses biological materials to acquire trace metal ions from wastewater. In the present study, the ability of Colocasia esculenta stem biomass was explored for the biosorption of toxic trace metals. The maximum removal was observed for arsenate (As5+) with 58.63%, followed by chromium (Cr6+) with 56.56%, and cadmium (Cd2+) with 41.2%. However, for copper (Cu2+), nickel (Ni2+), and zinc (Zn2+), low adsorption was observed. Batch sorption tests revealed that adsorbent dosage of 0.5g, 0.5g, and 0.3g; time of 10 h, 4 h, and 10 h; room temperature range of 25–30°C; pH range of 7.0–4.5; and initial concentration of 30 μg/L, 20 mg/L, and 30 mg/L were the optimum conditions for the removal of As5+, Cr6+, and Cd2+, respectively. Scanning electron microscope and energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (SEM-EDX) analysis of Colocasia esculenta stem biomass before and after adsorption revealed that the trace metals successfully get adsorbed on the surface of the biosorbent. The equilibrium data fitted well with the adsorption isotherm model of Langmuir (for As5+, Cr6+, and Cd2+), Dubinin-Radushkevich (for As5+ and Cr6+), and Flory-Huggins (for Cd2+), and the kinetic data of As5+, Cr6+, and Cd2+ biosorption were best described by pseudo-second-order kinetic model. Thermodynamic studies revealed that the adsorption process for all concerned trace metals acts in a spontaneous manner and is endothermic in nature. Thus, the use of Colocasia esculenta stem biomass proved to be an efficient and economical alternative for the treatment of effluents contaminated with these trace metals.
This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.
Buy single article
Instant access to the full article PDF.
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.
Subscribe to journal
Immediate online access to all issues from 2019. Subscription will auto renew annually.
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.
All data generated or analyzed during this study are included in this research article (and also its supplementary informatory files).
Abdelwahab O, Fouad YO, Amin NK, Mandor H (2015) Kinetic and thermodynamic aspects of cadmium adsorption onto raw and activated guava (Psidium guajava) leaves. Environ Prog Sustain Energy 34(2):351–358. https://doi.org/10.1002/ep.11991
Aditya GVV, Pujitha BP, Babu NC, Venkateswarlu P (2012) Biosorption of chromium onto Erythrina variegata orientalis leaf powder. Korean J Chem Eng 29(1):64–71. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11814-011-0139-9
Alomá IDLC, Rodriguez I, Calero M, Blazquez G (2014) Biosorption of Cr6+ from aqueous solution by sugarcane bagasse. Desalin Water Treat 52(31-33):5912–5922. https://doi.org/10.1080/19443994.2013.812521
Alves DC, Gonçalves JO, Coseglio BB, Burgo TA, Dotto GL, Pinto LA, Cadaval TR Jr (2019) Adsorption of phenol onto chitosan hydrogel scaffold modified with carbon nanotubes. J Environ Chem Eng 7(6):103460. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jece.2019.103460
Azhar, M. D., Abd Hashib, S., Ibrahim, U. K., Md Zaki, N. A., Ahmad Zamanhuri, N., & Abd Rahman, N. (2020). Moisture sorption isotherm and thermodynamic properties of Centella asiatica L. (CAL) powder. Chem Eng Commun, 1-10. https://doi.org/10.1080/00986445.2020.1780213
Banerjee S, Mukherjee S, LaminKa-ot A, Joshi SR, Mandal T, Halder G (2016) Biosorptive uptake of Fe2+, Cu2+ and As5+ by activated biochar derived from Colocasia esculenta: isotherm, kinetics, thermodynamics, and cost estimation. J Adv Res 7(5):597–610. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jare.2016.06.002
Baral A, Engelken RD (2002) Chromium-based regulations and greening in metal finishing industries in the USA. Environ Sci Pol 5(2):121–133. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1462-9011(02)00028-X
Baral SS, Das SN, Rath P (2006) Hexavalent chromium removal from aqueous solution by adsorption on treated sawdust. Biochem Eng J 31(3):216–222. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bej.2006.08.003
Baral SS, Das SN, Chaudhury GR, Rath P (2008) Adsorption of Cr (VI) by treated weed Salvinia cucullata: kinetics and mechanism. Adsorption 14(1):111–121. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10450-007-9076-7
Batool S, Idrees M, Hussain Q, Kong J (2017) Adsorption of copper (II) by using derived-farmyard and poultry manure biochars: efficiency and mechanism. Chem Phys Lett 689:190–198. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cplett.2017.10.016
Batool S, Idrees M, Al-Wabel MI, Ahmad M, Hina K, Ullah H, Cui L, Hussain Q (2019) Sorption of Cr (III) from aqueous media via naturally functionalized microporous biochar: mechanistic study. Microchem J 144:242–253. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.microc.2018.09.012
Batool S, Idrees M, Ahmad M, Ahmad M, Hussain Q, Iqbal A, Kong J (2020) Design and characterization of a biomass template/SnO2 nanocomposite for enhanced adsorption of 2, 4-dichlorophenol. Environ Res 181:108955. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envres.2019.108955
Budinova T, Petrov N, Razvigorova M, Parra J, Galiatsatou P (2006) Removal of arsenic (III) from aqueous solution by activated carbons prepared from solvent extracted olive pulp and olive stones. Ind Eng Chem Res 45(6):1896–1901. https://doi.org/10.1021/ie051217a
Cheraghi E, Ameri E, Moheb A (2015) Adsorption of cadmium ions from aqueous solutions using sesame as a low-cost biosorbent: kinetics and equilibrium studies. Int J Environ Sci Technol 12(8):2579–2592. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13762-015-0812-3
Chubar N, Carvalho JR, Correia MJN (2004) Trace metals biosorption on cork biomass: effect of the pre-treatment. Colloids Surf A Physicochem Eng Asp 238(1-3):51–58. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.colsurfa.2004.01.039
Dastkhoon M, Ghaedi M, Asfaram A, Azqhandi MHA, Purkait MK (2017) Simultaneous removal of dyes onto nanowires adsorbent use of ultrasound assisted adsorption to clean waste water: chemometrics for modeling and optimization, multicomponent adsorption and kinetic study. Chem Eng Res Des 124:222–237. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cherd.2017.06.011
Dil EA, Ghaedi M, Asfaram A, Mehrabi F, Bazrafshan AA, Tayebi L (2019) Synthesis and application of Ce-doped TiO2 nanoparticles loaded on activated carbon for ultrasound-assisted adsorption of Basic Red 46 dye. Ultrason Sonochem 58:104702. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ultsonch.2019.104702
Dotto GL, Vieira MLG, Gonçalves JO, Pinto LA d A (2011) Removal of bright blue, dusk yellow and tartrazine yellow dyes from aqueous solutions using activated carbon, activated earth, diatomaceous earth, chitin and chitosan: equilibrium and thermodynamic studies. Química Nova 34(7):1193–1199 https://doi.org/10.1590/S0100-40422011000700017
Dotto GL, Rodrigues FK, Tanabe EH, Fröhlich R, Bertuol DA, Martins TR, Foletto EL (2016) Development of chitosan/bentonite hybrid composite to remove hazardous anionic and cationic dyes from colored effluents. J Environ Chem Eng 4(3):3230–3239. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jece.2016.07.004
Eftekhari M, Akrami M, Gheibi M, Azizi-Toupkanloo H, Fathollahi-Fard AM, Tian G (2020) Cadmium and copper heavy metal treatment from water resources by high-performance folic acid-graphene oxide nanocomposite adsorbent and evaluation of adsorptive mechanism using computational intelligence, isotherm, kinetic, and thermodynamic analyses. Environ Sci Pollut Res 27(35):43999–44021. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-020-10175-7
Elovich SY, Larionov OG (1962) Theory of adsorption from nonelectrolyte solutions on solid adsorbents. Bullet Acad Sci USSR Division Chem Sci 11(2):191–197. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00908016
Gebrehawaria G, Hussen A, Rao VM (2015) Removal of hexavalent chromium from aqueous solutions using barks of Acacia albida and leaves of Euclea schimperi. Int J Environ Sci Technol 12(5):1569–1580. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13762-014-0530-2
Gupta VK, Pathania D, Agarwal S, Sharma S (2013) Removal of Cr (VI) onto Ficus carica biosorbent from water. Environ Sci Pollut Res 20(4):2632–2644. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-012-1176-6
Gupta N, Poddar K, Sarkar D, Kumari N, Padhan B, Sarkar A (2019) Fruit waste management by pigment production and utilization of residual as bioadsorbent. J Environ Manag 244:138–143. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2019.05.055
Halsey G (1948) Physical adsorption on non-uniform surfaces. J Chem Phys 16(10):931–937. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1746689
Jain M, Garg VK, Kadirvelu K (2009) Chromium (VI) removal from aqueous system using Helianthus annuus (sunflower) stem waste. J Hazard Mater 162(1):365–372. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2008.05.048
Jorgetto ADO, da Silva AC, Wondracek MH, Silva RI, Velini ED, Saeki MJ et al (2015) Multilayer adsorption of Cu (II) and Cd (II) over Brazilian Orchid Tree (Pata-de-vaca) and its adsorptive properties. Appl Surf Sci 345:81–89. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apsusc.2015.03.142
Jovanovic DS (1969) Physical adsorption of gases. Kolloid-Zeitschrift und Zeitschrift für Polymere 235(1):1214–1225. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01542531
Kadimpati KK, Mondithoka KP, Bheemaraju S, Challa VRM (2013) Entrapment of marine microalga, Isochrysis galbana, for biosorption of Cr (III) from aqueous solution: isotherms and spectroscopic characterization. Appl Water Sci 3(1):85–92. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13201-012-0062-1
Kamar FH, Nechifor AC, Nechifor G, Al-Musawi TJ, Mohammed AH (2017) Aqueous phase biosorption of Pb (II), Cu (II), and Cd (II) onto cabbage leaves powder. Int J Chem React Eng 15(2). https://doi.org/10.1515/ijcre-2015-0178
Kebede TG, Dube S, Nindi MM (2019) Characterisation of water-soluble protein powder and optimisation of process parameters for the removal of sulphonamides from wastewater. Environ Sci Pollut Res 26(21):21450–21462. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-019-05272-1
Khosravi R, Fazlzadehdavil M, Barikbin B, Taghizadeh AA (2014) Removal of hexavalent chromium from aqueous solution by granular and powdered Peganum Harmala. Appl Surf Sci 292:670–677. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apsusc.2013.12.031
Kumar U, Bandyopadhyay M (2006) Sorption of cadmium from aqueous solution using pretreated rice husk. Bioresour Technol 97(1):104–109. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2005.02.027
Kuppusamy S, Thavamani P, Megharaj M, Venkateswarlu K, Lee YB, Naidu R (2016) Potential of Melaleuca diosmifolia leaf as a low-cost adsorbent for hexavalent chromium removal from contaminated water bodies. Process Saf Environ Prot 100:173–182. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psep.2016.01.009
Li XG, Liao Y, Huang MR, Kaner RB (2015) Interfacial chemical oxidative synthesis of multifunctional polyfluoranthene. Chem Sci 6(3):2087–2101. https://doi.org/10.1039/C4SC03890H
Loffredo E, Scarcia Y, Parlavecchia M (2020) Removal of ochratoxin A from liquid media using novel low-cost biosorbents. Environ Sci Pollut Res 27(27):34484–34494. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-020-09544-z
Mahvi AH, Naghipour D, Vaezi F, Nazmara S (2005) Teawaste as an adsorbent for trace metal removal from industrial wastewaters. Am J Appl Sci 2(1):372–375
Maity S, Biswas R, Sarkar A (2020a) Comparative valuation of groundwater quality parameters in Bhojpur, Bihar for arsenic risk assessment. Chemosphere 259:127398. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2020.127398
Maity, S., Sinha, D., & Sarkar, A. (2020b). Wastewater and industrial effluent treatment by using nanotechnology. In Nanomaterials and Environmental Biotechnology. Springer, Cham, 299-313
Maity, S., Biswas, R., Verma, S.K. and Sarkar, A., (2021). Natural polysaccharides as potential biosorbents for heavy metal removal. In Food, Medical, and Environmental Applications of Polysaccharides. Elsevier, 627-665. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-819239-9.00012-9
Nag S, Mondal A, Mishra U, Bar N, Das SK (2016) Removal of chromium (VI) from aqueous solutions using rubber leaf powder: batch and column studies. Desalin Water Treat 57(36):16927–16942. https://doi.org/10.1080/19443994.2015.1083893
Nakkeeran E, Saranya N, Giri Nandagopal MS, Santhiagu A, Selvaraju N (2016) Hexavalent chromium removal from aqueous solutions by a novel powder prepared from Colocasia esculenta leaves. Int J Phytoremediation 18(8):812–821. https://doi.org/10.1080/15226514.2016.1146229
Nejadshafiee V, Islami MR (2020) Intelligent-activated carbon prepared from pistachio shells precursor for effective adsorption of trace metals from industrial waste of copper mine. Environ Sci Pollut Res 27(2):1625–1639. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-019-06732-4
Niu CH, Volesky B, Cleiman D (2007) Biosorption of arsenic (V) with acid-washed crab shells. Water Res 41(11):2473–2478. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.watres.2007.03.013
Oliveira EA, Montanher SF, Andrade AD, Nobrega JA, Rollemberg MC (2005) Equilibrium studies for the sorption of chromium and nickel from aqueous solutions using raw rice bran. Process Biochem 40(11):3485–3490. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.procbio.2005.02.026
Özer A, Pirincci HB (2006) The adsorption of Cd (II) ions on sulphuric acid-treated wheat bran. J Hazard Mater 137(2):849–855. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2006.03.009
Pahan S, Sengupta A, Yadav AK, Jha SN, Bhattacharyya D, Ali SM et al (2020) Exploring functionalized titania for task specific application of efficient separation of trivalent f-block elements. New J Chem 44(16):6151–6162. https://doi.org/10.1039/D0NJ01014F
Rangabhashiyam S, Selvaraju N (2015) Evaluation of the biosorption potential of a novel Caryota urens inflorescence waste biomass for the removal of hexavalent chromium from aqueous solutions. J Taiwan Inst Chem Eng 47:59–70. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jtice.2014.09.034
Rangabhashiyam S, Anu N, Nandagopal MG, Selvaraju N (2014) Relevance of isotherm models in biosorption of pollutants by agricultural byproducts. J Environ Chem Eng 2(1):398–414. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jece.2014.01.014
Rangabhashiyam S, Nakkeeran E, Anu N, Selvaraju N (2015) Biosorption potential of a novel powder, prepared from Ficus auriculata leaves, for sequestration of hexavalent chromium from aqueous solutions. Res Chem Intermed 41(11):8405–8424. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11164-014-1900-6
Rangabhashiyam S, Nandagopal MG, Nakkeeran E, Selvaraju N (2016) Adsorption of hexavalent chromium from synthetic and electroplating effluent on chemically modified Swietenia mahagoni shell in a packed bed column. Environ Monit Assess 188(7):411. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10661-016-5415-z
Rao KS, Anand S, Venkateswarlu P (2011) Adsorption of cadmium from aqueous solution by Ficus religiosa leaf powder and characterization of loaded biosorbent. Clean Soil Air Water 39(4):384–391. https://doi.org/10.1002/clen.201000098
Rosales E, Ferreira L, Sanromán MÁ, Tavares T, Pazos M (2015) Enhanced selective metal adsorption on optimised agroforestry waste mixtures. Bioresour Technol 182:41–49. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2015.01.094
Sarin V, Singh TS, Pant KK (2006) Thermodynamic and breakthrough column studies for the selective sorption of chromium from industrial effluent on activated eucalyptus bark. Bioresour Technol 97(16):1986–1993. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2005.10.001
Sathish T, Vinithkumar NV, Dharani G, Kirubagaran R (2015) Efficacy of mangrove leaf powder for bioremediation of chromium (VI) from aqueous solutions: kinetic and thermodynamic evaluation. Appl Water Sci 5(2):153–160. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13201-014-0174-x
Sharma A, Bhattacharyya KG (2005) Adsorption of chromium (VI) on Azadirachta indica (Neem) leaf powder. Adsorption 10(4):327–338. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10450-005-4818-x
Silva JM, Farias BS, Gründmann DDR, Cadaval TRS Jr, Moura JM, Dotto GL, Pinto LAA (2017) Development of chitosan/Spirulina bio-blend films and its biosorption potential for dyes. J Appl Polym Sci 134(11). https://doi.org/10.1002/APP.44580
Vieira MLG, Esquerdo VM, Nobre LR, Dotto GL, Pinto LAA (2014) Glass beads coated with chitosan for the food azo dyes adsorption in a fixed bed column. J Ind Eng Chem 20(5):3387–3393. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jiec.2013.12.024
Yirankinyuki FF, Lamayi DW, Sadiq BA, Yakubu MU (2013) Proximate and some minerals analysis of Colocasia esculenta (TARO) leaves. J Med Biol Sci 3(2)
Zhao T, Tang Z, Zhao X, Zhang H, Wang J, Wu F, Giesy JP, Shi J (2019) Efficient removal of both antimonite (Sb (III)) and antimonate (Sb (V)) from environmental water using titanate nanotubes and nanoparticles. Environ Sci 6(3):834–850. https://doi.org/10.1039/C8EN00869H
The authors would like to thank the Department of Science and Technology, Government of India for providing financial support to the research work (DST/TM/WTI/2K16/264). We would also like to express our appreciation to National Institute of Technology Rourkela for providing the infrastructure and instrumental support to proceed with the work.
This research work was financially supported by the Department of Science and Technology, Government of India (DST/TM/WTI/2K16/264) and the National Institute of Technology, Rourkela, for providing the infrastructure and instrumental support to proceed with the work.
Consent to participate
Consent for publication
The authors declare no competing interests.
Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.
Responsible Editor: Tito Roberto Cadaval Jr
About this article
Cite this article
Maity, S., Nanda, S. & Sarkar, A. Colocasia esculenta stem as novel biosorbent for potentially toxic metals removal from aqueous system. Environ Sci Pollut Res (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-021-13026-1
- Colocasia esculenta
- Trace metals