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Seasonal variation of heavy metals in seagrasses along Thondi coast, Palk Bay, India

Abstract

The present study deals with the bioaccumulation of heavy metals in different seagrass species (Syringodium isoetifolium, Halodule pinifolia, Cymodocea serrulata, Halophila ovalis) along Thondi coast and decaying seagrass offshore. Heavy metal concentrations in the seagrass samples were analysed during the period of April 2019 to March 2020 using atomic absorption spectrophotometry. Among the heavy metals assayed, the level of manganese was higher (15.62 ± 1.02 mg/kg) and chromium was the least metal observed (0.002 mg/kg). One-way ANOVA revealed significantly higher level of heavy metals in summer season, while it gradually decreased through pre-monsoon to monsoon season (P < 0.05). Cadmium and chromium were observed to be below detectable levels in the seagrass species. S. isoetifolium was found to bioaccumulate higher levels of heavy metals than the other seagrass species studied. Elucidation of heavy metal levels in the dead and decayed seagrass offshore revealed a higher level of heavy metals than live seagrass species.

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Data sharing is not applicable to this article as no datasets were generated or analysed during the current study.

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Acknowledgments

We gratefully acknowledge the funding received from the RUSA-Phase 2.0 grant sanctioned vide letter. No F. 24-51/2014-U, Policy (TN Multi-Gen), Department of Education, Govt. of India. Dt. 09.10.2018.

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NP - methodology, validation, formal analysis, investigation, writing – original draft; SV - conceptualization, methodology, investigation, writing – review and editing.

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Correspondence to Sugumar Vasudevan.

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Responsible Editor: Philippe Garrigues

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Pasumpon, N., Vasudevan, S. Seasonal variation of heavy metals in seagrasses along Thondi coast, Palk Bay, India. Environ Sci Pollut Res 28, 26849–26857 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-021-12482-z

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-021-12482-z

Keywords

  • Heavy metals
  • Atomic absorption spectrophotometry
  • Thondi
  • Palk bay
  • Decaying seagrass