A review of the application of different treatment processes for oily sludge

Abstract

Oily sludge contains high concentrations of total petroleum hydrocarbons and heavy metals, which seriously impact the environment and human health. How to dispose of and use the oily sludge has attracted an increasing amount of attention. This study introduces harmless and resource-based oily sludge treatment technologies. It summarizes the technologies from various aspects, such as the process principle, influencing factors, advantages, and disadvantages, and analyzes and summarizes the status quo of the development of the technologies. In comparison, the direction of processing technology development is discussed to provide reference for processing technology improvements, optimization, and efficiency improvements.

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Acknowledgments

We thank LetPub (www.letpub.com) for its linguistic assistance during the preparation of this manuscript.

Funding

This study was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No.: 51978178), the Department of Science and Technology of Guangdong Province of China (Contract Nos.: 2019A1515012044 and 2018S0011), the Maoming Public Service Platform for Transformation Upgrading and Technological Innovation of Petrochemical Industry (Grant No.: 2016B020211001), the Science and Technology Planning Project of Maoming (Grant No.: 2020539), and the Doctoral Science Foundation of Guangdong University of Petrochemical Technology (Grant No.: 2017rc10).

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Conceptualization: Dong-mei Zhang, Qing Teng; literature search and data analysis: Qing Teng, Dong-mei Zhang; writing—original draft preparation: Qing Teng, Dong-mei Zhang; writing—review and editing: Chunping Yang; funding acquisition: Chunping Yang, Qing Teng; supervision: Dong-mei Zhang.

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Correspondence to Dongmei Zhang.

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Teng, Q., Zhang, D. & Yang, C. A review of the application of different treatment processes for oily sludge. Environ Sci Pollut Res 28, 121–132 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-020-11176-2

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Keywords

  • Oily sludge
  • Treatment technology
  • Resource utilization
  • Review
  • Responsible Editor: Philippe Garrigues