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Examination of a coupling coordination relationship between urbanization and the eco-environment: a case study in Qingdao, China

Abstract

A better understanding of the relationship between urbanization and the eco-environment is necessary to guide sustainable urban development and formulate environmental policies. In this study, the city of Qingdao was taken as an example. We evaluated the quantitative evolution of the relationship between urbanization and the eco-environment development from 2000 to 2018 by establishing the comprehensive index system and applying it to the coupling coordination model. Results showed the following: (1) The economic urbanization and eco-environment states offer the greatest contribution to the urbanization and eco-environment systems, respectively. (2) The coupling coordination relationship between urbanization and eco-environment conforms to an S-shaped curve, and the two systems have gradually moved from a “seriously uncoordinated and urbanization lag” stage at the beginning into a “good coordination and eco-environment lag” stage by the end of the research period. (3) Finally, the economic urbanization and response subsystems are essential determinants in the coupling relationship between urbanization and eco-environment. The research results can help the government better understand the complex coupling relationship and then formulate sustainable urbanization development strategies to better balance urbanization and eco-environmental protection.

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Acknowledgments

We thank the reviewers for their valuable comments and suggestions. We thank shinewrite.com for its linguistic assistance during the preparation of this manuscript.

Funding

This research is supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (no. 41301649).

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Correspondence to Lijun Ren.

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Responsible Editor: Philippe Garrigues

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Highlights

• “Pressure–state–efficiency–response” (PSER) model was adopted to select eco-environmental indicators.

• Coupling coordination degree model between urbanization and eco-environment system was established.

• Relationship between urbanization and eco-environment subsystems was investigated.

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Fu, S., Zhuo, H., Song, H. et al. Examination of a coupling coordination relationship between urbanization and the eco-environment: a case study in Qingdao, China. Environ Sci Pollut Res 27, 23981–23993 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-020-08683-7

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-020-08683-7

Keywords

  • Urbanization
  • Eco-environment
  • Coupling coordination degree
  • Regression analysis
  • Pressure–state–efficiency–response
  • Qingdao