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Assessing enablers of e-waste management in circular economy using DEMATEL method: An Indian perspective

Abstract

With increasing population, excessive use of electrical and electronic products and extreme demand of resources have compelled the linear economy to transform into Circular Economy (CE). In the current scenario, e-waste management has become the top priority of all the developed and developing nations especially those in the transition phase. The generation of e-waste has increased proportionally across the world and created an intense pressure on the firms to implement sustainable practices to redesign and recycle the products. The current status of the developing countries like India confronts number of challenges to manage e-waste produced, and the only possible solution is to minimize the waste generation and practicing recycling processes. For transforming into CEs, there is a need to identify the most influencing key enablers through which an effective and robust e-waste management (e-WM) system can be developed. An extensive literature review and expert judgments are expended to identify the most influencing key enablers of e-WM in circular economies, and, being the highest producer of e-waste, Mumbai (Maharashtra) has been chosen as the case location. To explore the strength of causal and effect enablers, the DEMATEL method is applied. This study has shown that ‘Environmental management system’ (EMS) is the most significant and important driving enabler to influence all the other existing enablers. This study has also highlighted that e-WM can be efficient if it focuses on producing eco-friendly products, developing strict legislations, building green image and supporting the producers to implement CE practices. This study helps stakeholders and policy makers to reduce the burden from the environment and focus on developing an efficient e-WM system on the basis of identified key enablers like EMS and collaboration with environmental partners to contribute towards CE transition.

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Correspondence to Manu Sharma.

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Sharma, M., Joshi, S. & Kumar, A. Assessing enablers of e-waste management in circular economy using DEMATEL method: An Indian perspective. Environ Sci Pollut Res 27, 13325–13338 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-020-07765-w

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Keywords

  • E-waste management (e-WM)
  • End-of-life (EoL)
  • Circular economy (CE)
  • Developing countries
  • MCDM