Skip to main content
Log in

A study on carbon transfer and carbon emission critical paths in China: I-O analysis with multidimensional analytical framework

  • Research Article
  • Published:
Environmental Science and Pollution Research Aims and scope Submit manuscript

09 April 2024 Editor's Note: Readers are alerted that the concerns have been raised with this article. Editorial action will be taken as appropriate once this matter is resolved and all parties have been given an opportunity to respond in full.

Abstract

As environmental issues aggravated heavily, China faces increasing pressure and challenges on carbon emission reduction and distribution. we used non-competitive input-output table (I-O table) combined with the methods of Structural Path Analysis (SPA) and Multidimensional Analytical Framework (MAF), based on the data of China in 2012, to analyze the current situation of inter-sector carbon emission transfer and identify the key sectors and the critical paths from multiple perspectives. Our results show that total fixed capital formation is the main final demand. The electricity, petroleum, and metal smelting are the largest carbon outflow sectors, which emit carbon at the upstream of the path. Construction and other services are the most obvious carbon inflow sectors, which belong to the middle and downstream of the path and lead to indirect carbon emissions through their demands for other sectors. “Metal smelting → Construction → Total fixed capital formation,” “Nonmetallic products → Construction → Total fixed capital formation,” and “Petroleum → Urban consumption,” “Electricity → Urban consumption” are the top four paths with large carbon emission, which deserve attention. Finally, this paper puts forward some policy implications on emission reduction based on the results.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in via an institution to check access.

Access this article

Subscribe and save

Springer+ Basic
EUR 32.99 /Month
  • Get 10 units per month
  • Download Article/Chapter or Ebook
  • 1 Unit = 1 Article or 1 Chapter
  • Cancel anytime
Subscribe now

Buy Now

Price excludes VAT (USA)
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.

Instant access to the full article PDF.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3
Fig. 4
Fig. 5
Fig. 6
Fig. 7
Fig. 8
Fig. 9

Similar content being viewed by others

Change history

  • 09 April 2024

    Editor's Note: Readers are alerted that the concerns have been raised with this article. Editorial action will be taken as appropriate once this matter is resolved and all parties have been given an opportunity to respond in full.

References

  • Andrews-Speed P (2009) China's ongoing energy efficiency drive: origins, progress and prospects. Energy Policy 37(4):1331–1344

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Chau CK, Leung TM, Ng WY (2015) A review on life cycle assessment, life cycle energy assessment and life cycle carbon emissions assessment on buildings. Appl Energy 143:395–413

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Chen B, Li JS, Wu XF, Han MY, Zeng L, Li Z, Chen GQ (2018) Global energy flows embodied in international trade: a combination of environmentally extended input–output analysis and complex network analysis. Appl Energy 210:98–107

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Du Q, Xu YD, Wu M, Sun Q, Bai LB, Yu M (2018) A network analysis of indirect carbon emission flows among different industries in China. Environ Sci Pollut Res 25(24):24469–24487

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Fan ZT, Lei YL, Wu SM (2019) Research on the changing trend of the carbon footprint of residents’ consumption in Beijing. Environ Sci Pollut Res 26(4):4078–4090

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Fremstad A, Paul M (2019) The impact of a carbon tax on inequality. Ecol Econ 163:88–97

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Gui SS, Mu HL, Li N (2014) Analysis of impact factors on China’s CO 2 emissions from the view of supply chain paths. Energy 74:405–416

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Hong JK, Gu JP, Liang X, Liu GW, Shen GQ (2019) Characterizing embodied energy accounting with a multi-dimensional framework: a study of China's building sector. J Clean Prod 215:154–164

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Hu JX, Wood R, Tukker A, Boonman H, de Boer B (2019) Global transport emissions in the Swedish carbon footprint. J Clean Prod 226:210–220

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Jia NF, Gao XY, Liu DH, Shi JL, Jiang MH (2019) Identification and evolution of critical betweenness sectors and transactions from the view of CO2 reduction in supply chain network. J Clean Prod 232:163–173

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Kikuchi Y, Oshita Y, Mayumi K, Hirao M (2017) Greenhouse gas emissions and socioeconomic effects of biomass-derived products based on structural path and life cycle analyses: a case study of polyethylene and polypropylene in Japan. J Clean Prod 167:289–305

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Kondo R, Kinoshita Y, Yamada T (2019) Green procurement decisions with carbon leakage by global suppliers and order quantities under different carbon tax. Sustainability 11(13):3710

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Lai XD, Lu C, Liu JX (2019) A synthesized factor analysis on energy consumption, economy growth, and carbon emission of construction industry in China. Environ Sci Pollut Res 26(14):13896–13905

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Li ML, Wang W, De G, Ji XH, Tan ZF (2018a) Forecasting carbon emissions related to energy consumption in Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region based on grey prediction theory and extreme learning machine optimized by support vector machine algorithm. Energies 11(9):2475

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Li YZ, Su B, Dasgupta S (2018b) Structural path analysis of India's carbon emissions using input-output and social accounting matrix frameworks. Energy Econ 76:457–469

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Liang S, Qu S, Xu M (2016) Betweenness-based method to identify critical transmission sectors for supply chain environmental pressure mitigation. Environ Sci Technol 50(3):1330–1337

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Lindner S, Liu Z, Guan DB, Geng Y, Li X (2013) CO2 emissions from China’s power sector at the provincial level: consumption versus production perspectives. Renew Sust Energ Rev 19:164–172

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Liobikienė G, Mandravickaitė J (2016) The EU cohesion policy implications to GHG emissions from production-based perspective. Environ Sci Pol 55:178–185

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Liu B, Wang DB, Xu YQ, Liu CL, Luther M (2018) A multi-regional input–output analysis of energy embodied in international trade of construction goods and services. J Clean Prod 201:439–451

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Liu HC, Fan J, Zhou K, Wang Q (2019a) Exploring regional differences in the impact of high energy-intensive industries on CO2 emissions: evidence from a panel analysis in China. Environ Sci Pollut Res 26(25):26229–26241

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Liu J, Li JZ, Yao XL (2019b) The economic effects of the development of the renewable energy industry in China. Energies 12(9):1808

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Ma N, Li HJ, Tang RW, Dong D, Shi JL, Wang Z (2019) Structural analysis of indirect carbon emissions embodied in intermediate input between Chinese sectors: a complex network approach. Environ Sci Pollut Res 26(17):17591–17607

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Meng FX, Liu GY, Yang ZF, Hao Y, Zhang Y, Su MR, Ulgiati S (2017) Structural analysis of embodied greenhouse gas emissions from key urban materials: a case study of Xiamen City, China. J Clean Prod 163:212–223

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Mi ZF, Zheng JL, Meng J, Zheng HR, Li X, Coffman D, Woltjer J, Wang SY, Guan DB (2019) Carbon emissions of cities from a consumption-based perspective. Appl Energy 235:509–518

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • NBSC (National Bureau of Statistics of China) (2014) China statistical yearbook. China Statistics Press, Beijing

    Google Scholar 

  • Qi SC, Wang F, Zhang YX (2008) China' s non-competition input-output table and its application. Stat Res 05:79–83

    Google Scholar 

  • Shao L, Li Y, Feng K, Meng J, Shan YL, Guan DB (2018) Carbon emission imbalances and the structural paths of Chinese regions. Appl Energy 215:396–404

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Shi JL, Li HJ, An HZ, Guan JH, Arif A (2019) Tracing carbon emissions embodied in 2012 Chinese supply chains. J Clean Prod 226:28–36

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Sun XQ, An HZ, Gao XY, Jia XL, Liu XJ (2016) Indirect energy flow between industrial sectors in China: a complex network approach. Energy 94:195–205

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Wang QR, Yang XM (2019) Urbanization impact on residential energy consumption in China: the roles of income, urbanization level, and urban density. Environ Sci Pollut Res 26(4):3542–3555

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Wang Z, Wei LY, Niu BB, Liu Y, Bin GS (2017) Controlling embedded carbon emissions of sectors along the supply chains: a perspective of the power-of-pull approach. Appl Energy 206:1544–1551

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Wang Z, Cui C, Peng S (2018) Critical sectors and paths for climate change mitigation within supply chain networks. J Environ Manag 226:30–36

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Wang J, Du T, Wang HM, Liang S, Xu M (2019a) Identifying critical sectors and supply chain paths for the consumption of domestic resource extraction in China. J Clean Prod 208:1577–1586

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Wang J, Hu MM, Tukker A, Rodrigues JFD (2019b) The impact of regional convergence in energy-intensive industries on China’s CO2 emissions and emission goals. Energy Econ 80:512–523

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Wei LY, Wang Z, Zhang XL (2019) Backward and forward multilevel indicators for identifying key sectors of China’s intersectoral CO2 transfer network. Environ Sci Pollut Res 26(10):9661–9671

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Wu XD, Guo JL, Meng J, Chen GQ (2019a) Energy use by globalized economy: total-consumption-based perspective via multi-region input-output accounting. Sci Total Environ 662:65–76

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Wu XD, Guo JL, Ji X, Chen GQ (2019b) Energy use in world economy from household-consumption-based perspective. Energy Policy 127:287–298

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Xue MM, Liang QM, Wang C (2019a) Price transmission mechanism and socio-economic effect of carbon pricing in Beijing: a two-region social accounting matrix analysis. J Clean Prod 211:134–145

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Xue MM, Wu G, Wang Q, Yao YF, Liang QM (2019b) Socioeconomic impacts of a shortage in imported oil supply: case of China. Nat Hazards 99(3):1415–1430

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Yang X, Zhang WZ, Fan J, Li JM, Meng J (2018) The temporal variation of SO2 emissions embodied in Chinese supply chains, 2002–2012. Environ Pollut 241:172–181

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Zhang B, Qu X, Meng J, Sun XD (2017) Identifying primary energy requirements in structural path analysis: a case study of China 2012. Appl Energy 191:425–435

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Zhang B, Guan SH, Wu XF, Zhao XL (2018) Tracing natural resource uses via China’s supply chains. J Clean Prod 196:880–888

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Zhen W, Qin QD, Qian XY, Wei YM (2018) Inequality across China’s staple crops in energy consumption and related GHG emissions. Ecol Econ 153:17–30

    Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Yixin Zhang.

Additional information

Responsible editor: Muhammad Shahbaz

Publisher’s note

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Rights and permissions

Springer Nature or its licensor (e.g. a society or other partner) holds exclusive rights to this article under a publishing agreement with the author(s) or other rightsholder(s); author self-archiving of the accepted manuscript version of this article is solely governed by the terms of such publishing agreement and applicable law.

Reprints and permissions

About this article

Check for updates. Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Wen, L., Zhang, Y. A study on carbon transfer and carbon emission critical paths in China: I-O analysis with multidimensional analytical framework. Environ Sci Pollut Res 27, 9733–9747 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-019-07549-x

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Accepted:

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-019-07549-x

Keywords

Navigation