The impact of agricultural and green waste treatments on compost quality of dewatered sludge

Abstract

Composting is one of the environmentally desirable methods for the management of sewage sludge. In this process, the organic matters were decomposed by microorganisms. However, different treatments can improve their qualities. This study aimed to investigate the effect of two agricultural waste wheat straw (WS) and green waste eucalyptus tree leaves (ETL) treatments on the quality of the compost produced from dewatered sewage sludge. So that, the variation trend of heavy metals, temperature, moisture, PH, and C/N ratio was considered during the composting process. The results showed that the variation of some parameters in WS and ETL such as temperature (24.68 ± 0.26 and 23.41 ± 1.35), moisture (4.5 ± 2.64 and 7.66 ± 2.51), pH (5.66 ± 0.35 and 5.97 ± 0.41), and C/N ratio (250 ± 4.08 and 60 ± 3.21) was suitable in both windrows, respectively. Likewise, trend of mineralization was suitable in both masses, because TVS (43 to 78 mg/g DW for WS and 45 to 69 mg/g DW for ETL) and TDS (21 to 55 mg/g DW for WS and 2.6 to 38 mg/g DW for ETL) decreased and increased, respectively, in the composting process. While fecal coliform (2.72 MPN/g DW) and EC (2.4mmho/cm) at WS was more than Iran’s agricultural standard. As a consequence, although the quality of both masses was suitable and similar, there are some limitations for using treated compost by WS in agricultural lands due to higher levels of EC, fecal coliforms, and manganese. Therefore, quality of dewatered sludge treated compared with ETL is higher than WS. Furthermore, improvement process and application of some pretreatments are necessary for decreasing the heavy metals.

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Correspondence to Mahrokh Jalili.

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Abbasi, F., Mokhtari, M. & Jalili, M. The impact of agricultural and green waste treatments on compost quality of dewatered sludge. Environ Sci Pollut Res 26, 35757–35766 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-019-06618-5

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Keywords

  • Co-composting
  • Agricultural waste
  • Green waste
  • Dewatered sludge