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Fermented crop straws by Trichoderma viride and Saccharomyces cerevisiae enhanced the bioconversion rate of Musca domestica (Diptera: Muscidae)

Abstract

Crop straw is an abundant renewable resource whose usage is limited due to its high cellulose, hemicellulose, and lignin contents. Here, Trichoderma viride, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, and Musca domestica were used to transform crop straws, and we investigated their impact on housefly rearing performance and optimized their utilization. The weights of cellulose, hemicellulose, and lignin in fermented crop straw diets significantly decreased after bioconversion by M. domestica larvae. The highest bioconversion rate was recorded in corn straw diet (16.19%), followed by wheat straw diet (10.31%) and wheat bran diet (8.97%). Similarly, high larval weight (yield) and pupation rate and fecundity and fertility rate were recorded in fermented crop straw diets composed of corn straw and wheat bran in 1:1 proportions. These results indicated that fermenting crop straw with T. viride and S. cerevisiae represented an efficient strategy that enhanced crop straw bioconversion and improved the rearing capacity of the housefly larvae. The resulting larvae could further be used as proteinaceous feed in poultry and aquaculture industries.

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Funding

This study was funded by agricultural public welfare industry research from the Ministry of Agriculture of People’s Republic of China (201503137) and NSFC (National Natural Science Foundation of China (31661143045)-ISF (Israel Science Foundation) program.

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Correspondence to Changying Niu.

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Qi, X., Li, Z., Akami, M. et al. Fermented crop straws by Trichoderma viride and Saccharomyces cerevisiae enhanced the bioconversion rate of Musca domestica (Diptera: Muscidae). Environ Sci Pollut Res 26, 29388–29396 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-019-06101-1

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-019-06101-1

Keywords

  • Trichoderma viride
  • Fermentation
  • Musca domestica
  • Bioconversion
  • Crop straw