Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 26, Issue 16, pp 15953–15972 | Cite as

Spiramycin adsorption behavior on activated bentonite, activated carbon and natural phosphate in aqueous solution

  • Yassine El Maataoui
  • Mohamadine El M’rabet
  • Abdelkrim MaaroufiEmail author
  • Abdelmalek Dahchour
Research Article


Efficacy of activated bentonite, activated carbon, and natural phosphate under experimental conditions was tested as low-cost adsorbents for spiramycin antibiotic removal from aqueous solution. Equilibrium kinetic and isotherm adsorption process are well described by pseudo-second order and Langmuir isotherm models for activated bentonite and activated carbon, while natural phosphate follows pseudo-first order and Freundlich models, respectively. Obtained results revealed that activated bentonite has the highest adsorption capacity (260.3 mg/g) as compared to activated carbon (80.3 mg/g) and natural phosphate (1.7 mg/g). The adsorption capacity decreases for all adsorbents in the presence of NaCl. The adsorption processes are facilitated in the alkaline pH range for activated bentonite and activated carbon, whereas, for natural phosphate, the acidic pH range is favorable. They are involving ion exchange and hydrogen bond mechanisms as well as Van der Waals forces and also π interactions for activated carbon. Thermodynamic calculation shows that spiramycin adsorption is endothermic and spontaneous on all adsorbents. The activated bentonite reusability is more efficient by more than 95% in two-step desorption using NaOH and HCl eluents compared to activated carbon. Thus, activated bentonite is a promising adsorbent for spiramycin removal from aqueous solution.


Efficient adsorbent Activated bentonite Spiramycin Antibiotics removal 



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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Laboratory of Composite Materials, Polymers and Environment, Faculty of SciencesUniversity of Mohammed VRabatMorocco
  2. 2.Department of Fundamental and Applied SciencesHassan II Agronomy and Veterinary InstituteRabatMorocco

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