Dynamics of the remediating effects of plant litter on the biological and chemical properties of petroleum-contaminated soil

Abstract

To investigate the comprehensive remediating effects of plant residues on biological and chemical properties and the long-term dynamics of these effects, litter from Caragana korshinskii (caragana) or Ziziphus jujuba var. spinosa (jujube) was mixed with three types of soil that were contaminated with 12.49, 27.54, and 45.37 g kg−1 of petroleum. The mixtures were incubated at 20–25 °C with consistent soil moisture for 360 days. Subsequently, the litter impacts on the soil microbial population, the activities of 12 types of soil hydrolytic, and redox enzymes related to the cycling of C, N, and P, and the available N, P, and K contents were determined during the incubation. The results indicated that both types of litter significantly accelerated the reproduction of soil microbes and significantly increased the activities of most of the hydrolytic enzymes and the available nutrient contents after the short-term treatments, while the litters usually simultaneously depressed the activities of polyphenol oxidase and peroxidase in the slightly and moderately contaminated soils. However, the comprehensive remediating effects of the litters on the lightly contaminated soil significantly decreased over time while it recovered to some extent at the end of the experiment. The remediating effects on the seriously contaminated soil exhibited the opposite trend, and their remediating effects on the moderately contaminated soil exhibited continuous weakening. Generally, the remediating effects of the caragana litter were more noticeable than those of the jujube litter, except for the effect on the slightly contaminated soil after 180 days of treatment.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3
Fig. 4

References

  1. Adamczyk S, Adamczyk B, Kitunen V, Smolander A (2015) Monoterpenes and higher terpenes may inhibit enzyme activities in boreal forest soil. Soil Biol Biochem 87:59–66

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  2. Adams FV, Niyomugabo A, Sylvester OP (2016) Bioremediation of crude oil contaminated soil using agricultural wastes. Procedia Manufacturing 7:459–464

    Google Scholar 

  3. Agbor R, Antai S, Nkanang A (2018) Microbial degradation of total petroleum hydrocarbon in crude oil polluted soil ameliorated with agro-wastes. Global J Earth Environ Sci 3:1–7

    Google Scholar 

  4. Al-Kindi S, Abed RM (2016) Effect of biostimulation using sewage sludge, soybean meal, and wheat straw on oil degradation and bacterial community composition in a contaminated desert soil. Front Microbiol 7:240

    Google Scholar 

  5. Andrade L, Marcet P, Feal LF, Feal CF, Covelo EF, Vega FA (2004) Impact of the prestige oil spill on marsh soils: relationship between heavy metal, sulfide and total petroleum hydrocarbon contents at the villarrube and lires marshes (Galicia, Spain). Cienc Mar 30:477–487

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  6. Banks M, Kulakow P, Schwab A, Chen Z, Rathbone K (2003) Degradation of crude oil in the rhizosphere of Sorghum bicolor. Int J Phytoremediation 5:225–234

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  7. Bao S (2000) Soil agro-chemistrical analysis. China Agriculture Press, Beijing

    Google Scholar 

  8. Berg B, McClaugherty C (2014) Plant litter. Decomposition, Humus Formation, Carbon Sequestration. Springer-Verlag, Berlin Heidelberg

    Google Scholar 

  9. Chen K, Wu M, Ye X, Li W, Yuan J (2017) Impacts of bioremediation on microbial activities in petroleum contaminated soil. J Agro-Environ Sci 36:279–285

    Google Scholar 

  10. Ding Z, Liang J, Fang H (2016) Greenery waste strengthening remediation effect of lawn grass on total petrol hydrocarbons contaminated soil. Environ Sci Technol 39:85–89

    Google Scholar 

  11. Fan D, Fan K, Yu C, Lu Y, Wang X (2017) Tea polyphenols dominate the short-term tea (Camellia sinensis) leaf litter decomposition. J Zhejiang Univ Sci B 18:99–108

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  12. Fioretto A, Papa S, Pellegrino A, Fuggi A (2007) Decomposition dynamics of Myrtus communis and Quercus ilex leaf litter: mass loss, microbial activity and quality change. Appl Soil Ecol 36:32–40

    Google Scholar 

  13. Guan S (1986) Soil enzyme and research technology. Agriculture Press, Beijing

    Google Scholar 

  14. Guo H, Yao J, Cai M, Qian Y, Guo Y, Richnow HH, Blake RE, Doni S, Ceccanti B (2012) Effects of petroleum contamination on soil microbial numbers, metabolic activity and urease activity. Chemosphere 87:1273–1280

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  15. Gurska J, Wang W, Gerhardt KE, Khalid AM, Isherwood DM, Huang XD, Glick BR, Greenberg BM (2009) Three year field test of a plant growth promoting rhizobacteria enhanced phytoremediation system at a land farm for treatment of hydrocarbon waste. Environ Sci Technol 43:4472–4479

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  16. Han Z, Lu D, Qi B, Zhang D (2017) Study on the improvement effects of the petroleum hydrocarbon contaminated loess by common agricultural wastes. DEStech Transactions on Environment, Energy and Earth Sciences, Beijing, pp 81–87

    Google Scholar 

  17. Hutchinson SL, Schwab AP, Banks MK (2017) Phytoremediation of aged petroleum sludge: effect of irrigation techniques and scheduling. J Endod 43:141–146

    Google Scholar 

  18. Liang J, Peng X, Fang H, Nan P (2011) Degradation of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons during composting of sewage sludge. Environ Sci Technol 34:114–116

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  19. Lladó S, Gràcia E, Solanas AM, Viñas M (2013) Fungal and bacterial microbial community assessment during bioremediation assays in an aged creosote-polluted soil. Soil Biol Biochem 67:114–123

    Google Scholar 

  20. Ma J, Shen J, Liu Q, Fang F, Cai H, Guo C (2014) Risk assessment of petroleum-contaminated soil using soil enzyme activities and genotoxicity to Vicia faba. Ecotoxicology 23:665–673

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  21. Nanjing Institute of Soil Science (1985) Analysis of soil microorganism. Science Press, Beijing

    Google Scholar 

  22. O’Brien PL, Desutter TM, Casey FXM, Wick AF, Khan E (2017) Evaluation of soil function following remediation of petroleum hydrocarbons—a review of current remediation techniques. Curr Pollu Rep 3:192–205

    Google Scholar 

  23. Ogboghodo IA, Iruaga EK, Osemwota IO, Chokor JU (2004) An assessment of the effects of crude oil pollution on soil properties, germination and growth of maize (Zea mays) using two crude types—Forcados light and Escravos light. Environ Monit Assess 96:143–152

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  24. Pozdnyakova NN (2012) Involvement of the ligninolytic system of white-rot and litter-decomposing fungi in the degradation of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons. Biotechnol Res Int 2012:e243217

    Google Scholar 

  25. Qasemian L, Guiral D, Belghazi M, Ferré E, Gros R, Farnet A-M (2011) Identification of various laccases induced by anthracene and contribution to its degradation in a Mediterranean coastal pine litter. Chemosphere 84:1321–1328

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  26. Qiao J, Chen W, Zhang C (2010) Bioremediation of petroleum contaminated soil by various nutrient amendments. Environ Chem 29:6–11

    Google Scholar 

  27. Ribeiro H, Mucha AP, Almeida CM, Bordalo AA (2014) Potential of phytoremediation for the removal of petroleum hydrocarbons in contaminated salt marsh sediments. J Environ Manag 137:10–15

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  28. Schimel JP, Hättenschwiler S (2007) Nitrogen transfer between decomposing leaves of different N status. Soil Biol Biochem 39:1428–1436

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  29. Shahsavari E, Adetutu EM, Anderson PA, Ball AS (2013) Plant residues—a low cost, effective bioremediation treatment for petrogenic hydrocarbon-contaminated soil. Sci Total Environ 443:766–774

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  30. Shahsavari E, Adetutu EM, Ball AS (2015) Phytoremediation and necrophytoremediation of petrogenic hydrocarbon-contaminated soils, phytoremediation. Springer, Berlin, pp 321–334

    Google Scholar 

  31. Shan B, Qu M, Li J, Li C (2016) Bioremediation of petroleum contaminated soil by plants and arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in Northern Shaanxi. Acta Pratacul Sin 25:87–94

    Google Scholar 

  32. Veen GF, Keiser AD, van der Putten WH, Wardle DA (2018) Variation in home-field advantage and ability in leaf litter decomposition across successional gradients. Funct Ecol 32:1563–1574

    Google Scholar 

  33. Wang X, Feng J, Zhao J (2010) Effects of crude oil residuals on soil chemical properties in oil sites, Momoge Wetland, China. Environ Monit Assess 161:271–280

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  34. Wang G, Liu Z, Zhang X, Yu Q, Zhang Z (2013a) Remediation effects of forage straws on the biochemical properties of petroleum-contaminated soil in the oil zone of Northern Shaanxi. Acta Agrectir Sin 21:1101–1108

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  35. Wang H, Zhu N, Yang C, Dang Z, Wu P (2013b) Effect of soil enzyme activities during bioremediation of crude oil-contaminated soil. J Agro-Environ Sci 32:1178–1184

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  36. Wang G, Liu Z, Shi T, Yu Q, Zhang Q (2014) Remediation effects of shrub litters on biochemical properties of petroleum-contaminated soil in oil producing region of northern Shaanxi. China Environ Sci 34:688–696

    Google Scholar 

  37. Wang S, Wang X, Zhang C, Li F, Guo G (2016) Bioremediation of oil sludge contaminated soil by landfarming with added cotton stalks. Int Biodeterior Biodegrad 106:150–156

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  38. Wang M, Wan X, Yu Z, Hu Z, He Z, Huang Z (2016a) Effects of tree species transition on soil microbial biomass and community structure in subtropical China. Acta Ecol Sin 36:417–423

    Google Scholar 

  39. Wang Y, Li F, Rong X, Song H, Chen J (2017) Remediation of petroleum-contaminated soil using bulrush straw powder, biochar and nutrients. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 98:1–8

    Google Scholar 

  40. Wu Z, Dong H, Zou L, Lu D, Liu Z (2011) Enriched microbial community in bioaugmentation of petroleum-contaminated soil in the presence of wheat straw. Appl Biochem Biotechnol 164:1071–1082

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  41. Yu Q, Zhang X, Liu Z, Wang W, Zhang Z, Wang N (2015) Remediation effects of urban greening-tree litters on petroleum-contaminated soil in oil producing region of Northern Shaanxi. J Agro-Environ Sci 34:50–57

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  42. Yue L, Zheng J, Han S, Yang J, Geng S, Chen Z, Zhang X, Gu Y (2015) Soil chemical properties and microbial community structure at different succession stages of temperate forest in Changbai Mountains. Chin J Ecol 34:2590–2597

    Google Scholar 

  43. Zhang R, Sun Z, Wang C, Yuan T (2009) Ecological process of leaf litter decomposition in tropical rainforest in Xishuangbanna, Southwest China. III. Enzyme dynamics. Front Forestry China 4:28–37

    Google Scholar 

  44. Zhang X, Liu Z, Yu Q, Luc NT, Bing Y, Zhu B, Wang W (2015) Effect of petroleum on decomposition of shrub-grass litters in soil in Northern Shaanxi of China. J Environ Sci 33:245–253

    Google Scholar 

  45. Zhang X, Liu Z, Luc NT, Yu Q, Liu X, Liang X (2016a) Impacts of soil petroleum contamination on nutrient release during litter decomposition of Hippophae rhamnoides. Environ Sci Proc Imp 18:398–405

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  46. Zhang X, Yu Q, Liu Z, Luc NT, Liu X, Liang X (2016b) Remediation of petroleum contaminated soil using litter from afforestation plant species in Northern Shaanxi, China. Carpathian J Earth Environ Sci 11:197–206

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Funding

This research was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (31800370); the Natural Science Basic Research Plan in Shaanxi Province of China (2018JQ4047); the Young Talent fund of University Association for Science and Technology in Shaanxi, China (20170704); the Specialized Research Fund for the Doctoral Program of Yan’an University (YDBK2017-26); and the College Students Innovation and Entrepreneurship Training Program (D2017082 and D2017076).  

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Zengwen Liu.

Additional information

Publisher’s note

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Responsible editor: Zhihong Xu

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Zhang, X., Zhou, W., Liu, H. et al. Dynamics of the remediating effects of plant litter on the biological and chemical properties of petroleum-contaminated soil. Environ Sci Pollut Res 26, 12765–12775 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-019-04834-7

Download citation

Keywords

  • Petroleum contamination
  • Necrophytoremediation
  • Biological and chemical properties of soil
  • Plant residues