Controllable synthesis of Fe3O4-wollastonite adsorbents for efficient heavy metal ions/oxyanions removal

  • Jelena D. RusmirovićEmail author
  • Nina Obradović
  • Jovana Perendija
  • Ana Umićević
  • Ana Kapidžić
  • Branislav Vlahović
  • Vera Pavlović
  • Aleksandar D. Marinković
  • Vladimir B. Pavlović
Research Article


Iron oxide, in the form of magnetite (MG)–functionalized porous wollastonite (WL), was used as an adsorbent for heavy metal ions (cadmium and nickel) and oxyanions (chromate and phosphate) removal from water. The porous WL was synthesized from calcium carbonate and siloxane by controlled sintering process using low molecular weight submicrosized poly(methyl methacrylate) as a pore-forming agent. The precipitation of MG nanoparticles was carried out directly by a polyol-medium solvothermal method or via branched amino/carboxylic acid cross-linker by solvent/nonsolvent method producing WL/MG and WL-γ-APS/MG adsorbents, respectively. The structure/properties of MG functionalized WL was confirmed by applying FTIR, Raman, XRD, Mössbauer, and SEM analysis. Higher adsorption capacities of 73.126, 66.144, 64.168, and 63.456 mg g−1 for WL-γ-APS/MG in relation to WL/MG of 55.450, 52.019, 48.132, and 47.382 mg g−1 for Cd2+, Ni2+, phosphate, and chromate, respectively, were obtained using nonlinear Langmuir model fitting. Adsorption phenomena were analyzed using monolayer statistical physics model for single adsorption with one energy. Kinetic study showed exceptionally higher pseudo-second-order rate constants for WL-γ-APS/MG, e.g., 1.17–13.4 times, with respect to WL/MG indicating importance of both WL surface modification and controllable precipitation of MG on WL-γ-APS.


Calcium metasilicate ceramic Magnetite functionalization Solvent/nonsolvent method Polyol-thermal method Heavy metals Adsorption; Fe3O4 



The authors are grateful to Dr. Miodrag Mitrić for XRD measurements.

Funding information

This research was performed within the projects OI 172057, OI 171001, and 176018, funded by the Ministry of Education, Science and Technological Development of the Republic of Serbia, and bilateral cooperation between Serbia and France, No. 4510339/2016/09/03 “Inteligent eco-nanomaterials and nanocomposites.” The work was supported in part by the National Science Foundation, North Carolina State University (Project No. HRD-1345219 and DMR-1523617) and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration project (NASA: NNX09AV07A).

Supplementary material

11356_2019_4625_MOESM1_ESM.docx (917 kb)
ESM 1 (DOCX 917 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jelena D. Rusmirović
    • 1
    Email author
  • Nina Obradović
    • 2
  • Jovana Perendija
    • 3
  • Ana Umićević
    • 4
  • Ana Kapidžić
    • 4
  • Branislav Vlahović
    • 5
  • Vera Pavlović
    • 6
  • Aleksandar D. Marinković
    • 7
  • Vladimir B. Pavlović
    • 2
    • 8
  1. 1.Innovation Center of the Faculty of Technology and MetallurgyUniversity of BelgradeBelgradeSerbia
  2. 2.Institute of Technical Sciences of SASABelgradeSerbia
  3. 3.Institute of Chemistry, Technology and MetallurgyUniversity of BelgradeBelgradeSerbia
  4. 4.Vinča Institute of Nuclear SciencesUniversity of BelgradeBelgradeSerbia
  5. 5.Department of Mathematics and PhysicsNorth Carolina Central UniversityDurhamUSA
  6. 6.Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, University of BelgradeBelgradeSerbia
  7. 7.Faculty of Technology and MetallurgyUniversity of BelgradeBelgradeSerbia
  8. 8.Faculty of AgricultureUniversity of BelgradeZemunSerbia

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