Acute effects of UVB radiation on the survival, growth, development, and reproduction of Daphniopsis tibetana Sars (Crustacea: Cladocera)

Abstract

Daphniopsis tibetana Sars lives in elevation, usually with strong solar UV radiation. We speculate that UV may have an effect on the ecology and evolutionary biology of this species. However, the regulatory effect and mechanism of UV on D. tibetana have not been studied previously. Here, our results showed that UVB could act as a positive factor in the relative body lengths, reproductive parameters, and population growth parameters of D. tibetana when UVB radiation is 20–170 mJ cm−2, compared with the control group. Strikingly, these parameters were highest at 120 mJ cm−2. To explore the mechanism underlying the UVB irradiation effects, we conducted a transcriptome analysis using the Trinity platform. The results indicated that differentially regulated genes were mostly enriched in lipid transport and lipid localization by Gene Ontology (GO) enrichment analysis of 146 differentially expressed genes (83 upregulated and 63 downregulated). This is the first study of UVB radiation of D. tibetana to reveal genes that may have crucial roles in survival, growth, and reproduction and could be candidates for future functional studies. Additionally, the study could supply a substantial resource for investigating and elucidating lipids that could play important roles in a physiological context.

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Data availability

We declare that the data supporting the findings of this study are available within the article.

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Acknowledgments

We thank Robbie Lewis, MSc, from Liwen Bianji, Edanz Group China (www.liwenbianji.cn/ac), for editing the English text of a draft of this manuscript.

Funding

This work was supported by a grant from the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 41501535).

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Authors

Contributions

W. Z. and M. R. W. conceived and designed the experiments. The experiments were performed by M. R. W., W. Z., J. W., S. W., and X.X. Data was analyzed by W. Z. and M. R. W. The paper was written by M. R. W. and W. Z.

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Correspondence to Wen Zhao.

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Wang, M., Zhao, W., Wei, J. et al. Acute effects of UVB radiation on the survival, growth, development, and reproduction of Daphniopsis tibetana Sars (Crustacea: Cladocera). Environ Sci Pollut Res 26, 10916–10925 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-019-04490-x

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Keywords

  • Daphniopsis tibetana Sars
  • UVB radiation
  • Survival and growth
  • Development
  • Reproductive parameters
  • Transcriptome analysis