Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 26, Issue 11, pp 10916–10925 | Cite as

Acute effects of UVB radiation on the survival, growth, development, and reproduction of Daphniopsis tibetana Sars (Crustacea: Cladocera)

  • Meiru Wang
  • Wen ZhaoEmail author
  • Jie Wei
  • Shan Wang
  • Xi Xie
Research Article


Daphniopsis tibetana Sars lives in elevation, usually with strong solar UV radiation. We speculate that UV may have an effect on the ecology and evolutionary biology of this species. However, the regulatory effect and mechanism of UV on D. tibetana have not been studied previously. Here, our results showed that UVB could act as a positive factor in the relative body lengths, reproductive parameters, and population growth parameters of D. tibetana when UVB radiation is 20–170 mJ cm−2, compared with the control group. Strikingly, these parameters were highest at 120 mJ cm−2. To explore the mechanism underlying the UVB irradiation effects, we conducted a transcriptome analysis using the Trinity platform. The results indicated that differentially regulated genes were mostly enriched in lipid transport and lipid localization by Gene Ontology (GO) enrichment analysis of 146 differentially expressed genes (83 upregulated and 63 downregulated). This is the first study of UVB radiation of D. tibetana to reveal genes that may have crucial roles in survival, growth, and reproduction and could be candidates for future functional studies. Additionally, the study could supply a substantial resource for investigating and elucidating lipids that could play important roles in a physiological context.


Daphniopsis tibetana Sars UVB radiation Survival and growth Development Reproductive parameters Transcriptome analysis 



We thank Robbie Lewis, MSc, from Liwen Bianji, Edanz Group China (, for editing the English text of a draft of this manuscript.

Author contribution

W. Z. and M. R. W. conceived and designed the experiments. The experiments were performed by M. R. W., W. Z., J. W., S. W., and X.X. Data was analyzed by W. Z. and M. R. W. The paper was written by M. R. W. and W. Z.

Funding information

This work was supported by a grant from the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 41501535).


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Meiru Wang
    • 1
  • Wen Zhao
    • 1
    Email author
  • Jie Wei
    • 1
  • Shan Wang
    • 1
  • Xi Xie
    • 1
  1. 1.Key Laboratory of Hydrobiology in Liaoning Province, College of Fisheries and Life ScienceDalian Ocean UniversityDalianChina

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