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Effects of dietary fluoranthene on nymphs of Blaptica dubia S. (Blattodea: Blaberidae)

Abstract

Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are ubiquitous environmental pollutants which exert detrimental effects on living beings. Considering the health risk associated with exposure to these pollutants, their presence in food increases efforts to establish early-warning indicators of pollution. We aimed to examine the effects of environmentally relevant concentrations of fluoranthene (0.2 ng and 18 ng/g dry weight of diet) on the activities of midgut antioxidant and detoxification enzymes in Blaptica dubia. Significant changes of superoxide dismutase and catalase activities, recorded at the higher fluoranthene concentration regardless of the exposure time, suggest that they may be used as biomarkers of PAH pollution. Increased GST activity and decreased total GSH content, detected upon acute exposure to the lower concentration, indicate processes of detoxification. Reorganization of B. dubia mechanisms of defense in response to oxidative stress caused by exposure to dietary PAH point to the necessity for further examination of fluoranthene actions.

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Acknowledgements

This study was supported by the Serbian Ministry of Education, Science and Technological Development, Grant No. 173027.

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Correspondence to Marija Mrdaković.

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Mrdaković, M., Ilijin, L., Vlahović, M. et al. Effects of dietary fluoranthene on nymphs of Blaptica dubia S. (Blattodea: Blaberidae). Environ Sci Pollut Res 26, 6216–6222 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-019-04133-1

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Keywords

  • Blaptica dubia
  • Fluoranthene
  • Mechanisms of defense