Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 26, Issue 14, pp 13854–13866 | Cite as

Spatial optimization mode of China’s rural settlements based on quality-of-life theory

  • Xu JuanEmail author
  • Ma Hongtu
  • Luo Jing
  • Huo Xiaoping
  • Yao Xingbo
  • Yang Simin
Sustainable Environmental Management


This paper studies the optimization mode of the spatial organization of rural settlements based on the two-way interactive mechanism between the space of rural settlements and quality-of-life theory. It examines three main aspects: the integration of spatial function, the optimization of spatial structure, and the regulation of spatial scale. In this paper, we built an optimization mode and framework of spatial organization, called the road-oriented mode of rural settlements, based on quality-of-life theory. We systematically analyzed the mode’s conceptual connotation, construction principles, frame, type, and spatial scale. At the same time, this paper realized the reasonable proportion and optimized combination of internal spatial type in settlements and focused on a reasonably sized scale of a single settlement and the distance scale between settlements. Our findings can be used as insight into the theoretical development of the spatial structure of rural areas. Results also provide a scientific basis for future spatial optimization and integration of rural settlements to improve quality of life.


Rural settlements Spatial optimization mode Life quality Road-oriented Spatial scale Urbanization 



We would like to thank the investigators participated in this project and anonymous referees for their helpful suggestions and corrections on the earlier draft of our paper and upon which we have improved the content.

Funding information

The research was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 51308048, No. 51678058) and Basic scientific research funds of central universities (No. 300102418201).


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Xu Juan
    • 1
    Email author
  • Ma Hongtu
    • 1
    • 2
  • Luo Jing
    • 1
  • Huo Xiaoping
    • 1
  • Yao Xingbo
    • 1
  • Yang Simin
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of ArchitectureChang’an UniversityXi’anChina
  2. 2.Shaan’xi Ministry of Housing and Urban PlanningXi’anChina

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