Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 26, Issue 1, pp 152–160 | Cite as

Chive (Allium schoenoprasum L.) response as a phytoextraction plant in cadmium-contaminated soils

  • Somayyeh Eisazadeh
  • Safoora Asadi KapourchalEmail author
  • Mehdi Homaee
  • Seyyed Ali Noorhosseini
  • Christos A. DamalasEmail author
Research Article


Cadmium (Cd) soil contamination poses a major hazard to safe food production throughout the world, calling upon actions for decontamination using environmentally friendly methods, such as phytoextraction. In this study, the capability of chive (Allium schoenoprasum L.) for phytoextracting Cd from contaminated soils was tested. Growth of chive was studied in a soil spiked with 0, 15, 30, 60, and 120 mg Cd/kg soil, and then, concentrations of Cd in soil, plant shoots, and roots were measured after harvest. Chive dry matter production was not affected significantly by the different Cd levels in soil, except from the maximum Cd concentration (120 mg Cd/kg soil), where dry matter was reduced by 77%. Cadmium accumulation occurred mostly in roots rather than in shoots, with maximum Cd concentrations 482.48 and 26.65 mg/kg of dry matter, respectively. Translocation factor (the proportion of Cd concentration in the aerial plant parts to that in the roots) was below 1 in all contaminated levels and decreased with increasing Cd concentrations in soil, indicating low Cd reallocation from roots to shoots. Maximum amount of Cd absorption (Cd concentration in shoots), maximum contaminant uptake rate, and minimum clean-up time were all observed in Cd concentration 60 mg/kg soil. Based on chive potential to acquire Cd in its roots and shoots, it can be designated as a convenient species for reducing Cd from contaminated soils up to concentrations of 60 mg Cd/kg soil.


Clean-up time Phytoremediation Soil pollution Translocation factor 



This research was granted by Tarbiat Modares University, Grant Number IG-39713.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Somayyeh Eisazadeh
    • 1
  • Safoora Asadi Kapourchal
    • 2
    Email author
  • Mehdi Homaee
    • 3
  • Seyyed Ali Noorhosseini
    • 4
  • Christos A. Damalas
    • 5
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Soil Science, Science and Research BranchIslamic Azad UniversityTehranIran
  2. 2.Department of Soil Science, Faculty of Agricultural SciencesUniversity of GuilanRashtIran
  3. 3.Department of Irrigation and DrainageTarbiat Modares UniversityTehranIran
  4. 4.Department of Agriculture and Natural ResourcesPayame Noor UniversityTehranIran
  5. 5.Department of Agricultural DevelopmentDemocritus University of ThraceOrestiadaGreece

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