Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 26, Issue 14, pp 13762–13772 | Cite as

Effects of organic-inorganic amendments on the cadmium fraction in soil and its accumulation in rice (Oryza sativa L.)

  • Bing Li
  • Lan Yang
  • Chang Quan WangEmail author
  • Shun Qiang Zheng
  • Rui Xiao
  • Yong Guo
Sustainable Environmental Management


Cadmium (Cd) stress is a serious concern in agricultural soils worldwide, and increasing accumulation and subsequent transfer to humans via the food chain can have potentially harmful effects. In this study, field experiments were conducted to examine the uptake and translocation of Cd in rice, changes in the soil Cd speciation, and the subsequent effect on Cd accumulation in rice under combined organic (farmyard manure and crop straw) and inorganic (sepiolite, lime, and calcium-magnesium phosphate) soil amendments. The results showed that farmyard manure combined with sepiolite or lime and straw combined with lime or calcium-magnesium phosphate reduced the Cd translocation from the rice roots to the straw and the grains, significantly decreasing the Cd accumulation in brown rice. In addition, straw combined with sepiolite, lime, or calcium-magnesium phosphate reduced the Cd accumulation in brown rice but increased the Cd translocation from the roots to the straw by 37.8–279.3% compared with the control. Organic-inorganic amendments also decreased the soil exchangeable Cd and increased the organic-bound Cd by more than 40%. Fe-Mn oxide-bound Cd also increased but varied with growth. Cd accumulation in brown rice showed a significant positive relationship with soil exchangeable Cd at 90 days after transplantation, while at 30 days, the increase in Fe-Mn oxide- and organic-bound Cd was found to be the key factor in reducing the Cd accumulation in rice. These findings suggest that straw (under rice-rape rotation) and farmyard manure (under rice-wheat rotation) combined with sepiolite or lime are widely applicable as agronomic control techniques aimed at lowering Cd pollution.


Combined amendment Soil heavy metals Cadmium distribution Cadmium accumulation Oryza sativa L 



The authors thank Sichuan Agricultural University and the Jinyang Agricultural Bureau of Sichuan Province for providing the research facility and field experiment station. We are grateful to the National Key Research and Development Program of China (2017YFD0301701) and the Science and Technology Support Plan of Sichuan Province (2017SZ0188) for their support. We would like to thank all those who helped in the preparation of this paper.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bing Li
    • 1
  • Lan Yang
    • 1
  • Chang Quan Wang
    • 1
    Email author
  • Shun Qiang Zheng
    • 1
  • Rui Xiao
    • 1
  • Yong Guo
    • 2
  1. 1.College of Resources Science & TechnologySichuan Agricultural UniversityChengduChina
  2. 2.Jinyang Agricultural Bureau of Sichuan ProvinceDeyangChina

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