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Solvent effect on endosulfan adsorption onto polymeric arginine-methacrylate cryogels


Endosulfan is a persistent insecticide that is still used in some countries even though it is life-threatening and banned in the agricultural struggle. The solubility of pesticides in water is negligible. It is known that pesticides with better solubility in organic solvents have different solubility when the dielectric constants of these solvents are taken into account. The polymeric structure of arginine was modified with methacrylate to be a functional monomer, and it was immobilized on a solid support, poly(HEMA), and finally, poly(2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate-arginine methacrylate) was obtained and used as an effective adsorbent. The effect of organic solvents on endosulfan adsorption was investigated for the first time in the literature. Endosulfan was removed from alcohol media by using this polymeric structure synthesized by exploiting alcoho-phobic interaction in this work. Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), elemental analysis, and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) methods were used for the structural characterization and therefore to prove successful synthesis of cryogels. Morphological characteristics were also investigated by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), an N2 adsorption method, and swelling test. Adsorption experiments were carried out against varying interaction time and concentration parameters in the batch system. Since the alcohol used as a solvent has a pH value close to the ionic strength of drinking water, no change was made in the pH of the solution. Endosulfan molecules dissolved in solvents such as toluene, dichloromethane, acetone, and chloroform were removed using poly(HEMA-ArMA) cryogels to determine the solvent effect on the adsorption of endosulfan. As expected, the removal of endosulfan from the solvent toluene provided the best result. Although the adsorption in toluene is almost 9.5 times higher than that in ethanol, the use of toluene in the adsorption process due to its chemical structure is not feasible. Thus, experiments were carried out in ethanol.

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The authors of this research were hugely indebted to the Hitit University, Alaca Avni Çelik Vocational School, for the laboratory facilities. The authors of this research, which was supported by the Hittite University Scientific Research Projects Coordination Unit with a grant number as ALACA19002.17.001, were hugely indebted to the Hittite University.

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Correspondence to Kazım Köse.

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The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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Responsible editor: Philippe Garrigues

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A. Akveran, G., Köse, K. & Köse, D. Solvent effect on endosulfan adsorption onto polymeric arginine-methacrylate cryogels. Environ Sci Pollut Res 25, 25458–25467 (2018).

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