Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 25, Issue 18, pp 17425–17433 | Cite as

Adsorption of Cu (II) and Ni (II) from aqueous solutions by taro stalks chemically modified with diethylenetriamine

  • Yao Lu
  • Deliang He
  • Huibin Lei
  • Jun Hu
  • Houqiang Huang
  • Huiying Ren
Research Article


Taro stalks (TS) were modified by diethylenetriamine (DETA) to obtain the modified taro stalks adsorbents (recorded as MTSA). This kind of raw material is unprecedented and the method of modification is relatively simple. The physicochemical properties of MTSA were characterized by scanning electron microscope (SEM), FTIR, and zeta potential analyzer. The capacity of MTSA for adsorbing heavy metals under different influencing factors was tested by UV-visible spectrophotometer. The results indicated that the gaps between the microspheres of MTSA are more, which are conducive to adsorption. The MTSA might have increased the amino-functional groups which are beneficial for adsorption, resulting in an increase in the adsorption capacity of copper and nickel ions (35.71 and 31.06 mg/g) of about 5–7 times compared to bare taro stalks (5.27 mg/g and 6.08 mg/g). High Cu2+ uptake on MTSA was observed over the pH range of 5.5–7.0, while for Ni2+ the range was 7.0–8.5, and the optimum dosage of adsorbent were both about 0.80 g for Cu2+ and Ni2+. The adsorption kinetics of Cu2+ and Ni2+ on MTSA could be interpreted with a pseudo-second order and the equilibrium data were best described by the Langmuir isotherm model.

Graphical abstract


Pollution Copper Nickel Adsorption Taro stalks Diethylenetriamine 


Funding information

The work was supported by College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Hunan University, Changsha City, China.


  1. Abbas A et al (2017) Design, characterization and evaluation of hydroxyethylcellulose based novel regenerable supersorbent for heavy metal ions uptake and competitive adsorption. Int J Biol Macromol 102:170–180. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Abdelfattah I, Ismail AA, Sayed FA, Almedolab A, Aboelghait KM (2016) Biosorption of heavy metals ions in real industrial wastewater using peanut husk as efficient and cost-effective adsorbent. Environ Nanotechnol Monit Manag 6:176–183. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Abdelwahab NA, Al-Ashkar EA, El-Ghaffar MA (2015) Preparation and characterization of eco-friendly poly (p-phenylenediamine) and its composite with chitosan for removal of copper ions from aqueous solutions. Trans Nonferrous Metals Soc China 25(11):3808–3819. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Ahmad M, Manzoor K, Venkatachalam P, Ikramr S (2016) Kinetic and thermodynamic evaluation of adsorption of Cu (II) by thiosemicarbazide chitosan. Int J Biol Macromol 92:910. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Al-Homaidan AA, Al-Houri HJ, Al-Hazzani AA, Elgaaly G, Moubayed NMS (2014) Biosorption of copper ions from aqueous solutions by spirulina platensis, biomass. Arab J Chem 7(1):57–62. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Antoszewska J, Sieja A, Sarul M (2010) Heavy metals: lead, cadmium and nickel polluting the environment versus danger of orthodontic patients—review of the literature. Dent Med Probl 47(4):465–471 Google Scholar
  7. Carolin CF, Kumar PS, Saravanan A, Joshiba GJ, Naushad M (2017) Efficient techniques for the removal of toxic heavy metals from aquatic environment: a review. J Environ Chem Eng.
  8. Cretescu I, Soreanu G, Harja M (2015) A low-cost sorbent for removal of copper ions from wastewaters based on sawdust/fly ash mixture. Int J Environ Sci Technol 12(6):1799–1810. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Farooq F, Farooq U, Batool M, Athar M, Salman M (2015) Use of wheat straw for effective binding of metal ions via a novel modification. Korean J Chem Eng 32(9):1818–1826. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Gad NS (2016) Biosorption of rare earth elements using biomass of Sargassum on El-Atshan trachytic sill, Central Eastern Desert, Egypt. Egypt J Pet 25(4):445–451. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Ghosal PS, Gupta AK (2016) Determination of thermodynamic parameters from Langmuir isotherm constant-revisited. J Mol Liq 225:137–146. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Gisi SD, Lofrano G, Grassi M, Notarnicola M (2016) Characteristics and adsorption capacities of low-cost sorbents forwastewater treatment: a review. Sustain Mater Technol 9:10–40. Google Scholar
  13. Gunasundari E, Kumar PS (2017) Adsorption isotherm, kinetics and thermodynamic analysis of Cu(II) ions onto the dried algal biomass (spirulina platensis). J Ind Eng Chem 56:129–144. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Guo Z, Fan J, Zhang J, Kang Y, Liu H (2016) Sorption heavy metal ions by activated carbons with well-developed microporosity and amino groups derived from Phragmites australis by ammonium phosphates activation. J Taiwan Inst Chem Eng 58(7):290–296. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Guo B, Liu Y, Zhang F, Hou J, Zhang H, Li C (2017a) Heavy metals in the surface sediments of lakes on the Tibetan Plateau, China. Environ Sci Pollut Res 1–13.
  16. Guo T et al (2017b) Efficient removal of aqueous Pb(II) using partially reduced graphene oxide-Fe3O4. Adsorpt Sci Technol 15.
  17. Gupta VK et al (2016) Study on the removal of heavy metal ions from industry waste by carbon nanotubes: effect of the surface modification: a review. Crit Rev Environ Sci Technol 46(2):93–118. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Heidari A, Younesi H, Mehraban Z, Heikkinen H (2013) Selective adsorption of Pb(II), Cd(II) and Ni(II) ions from aqueous solution using chitosan-MAA nanoparticles. Int J Biol Macromol 61(10):251–263. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Inglezakis VJ, Loizidou MD (2007) Ion exchange of some heavy metal ions from polar organic solvents into zeolite. Desalination 211:238–248. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Izadi A, Mohebbi A, Amiri M, Izadi N (2017) Removal of iron ions from industrial copper raffinate and electrowinning electrolyte solutions by chemical precipitation and ion exchange. Miner Eng 113.
  21. Kamari A, Yusoff SNM, Abdullah F, Putra WP (2014) Biosorptive removal of cu(II), Ni(II) and Pb(II) ions from aqueous solutions using coconut dregs residue: adsorption and characterisation studies. J Environ Chem Eng 2(4):1912–1919. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Kanaujia D (2017) Risk assessment of heavy metal pollution in middle stretch of river Ganga: an introspection. Int Res J Environ Sci 6(2):62–71. Google Scholar
  23. Kenawy IM, Hafez M, Ismail MA, Hashem MA (2017) Adsorption of Cu(II), Cd(II), Hg(II), Pb(II) and Zn(II) from aqueous single metal solutions by guanyl-modified cellulose. Int J Biol Macromol.
  24. Kumar KS, Dahms HU, Eunji W, Jaeseong L, Kyunghoon S (2015) Microalgae—a promising tool for heavy metal remediation. Ecotoxicol Environ Saf 113:329–352. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Lasheen MR, Ammar NS, Ibrahim HS (2012) Adsorption/desorption of Cd(II), Cu(II) and Pb(II) using chemically modified orange peel: equilibrium and kinetic studies. Solid State Sci 14(2):202–210. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Li J, Jia DM, Li CH, Yu BQ (2014) Adsorption removal of copper and nickel ions from waste water by ammonia modified cotton stalks. Adv Mater Res 955-959:2440–2443 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Liu C, Bai R, Hong L (2006) Diethylenetriamine-grafted poly (glycidyl methacrylate) adsorbent for effective copper ion adsorption. J Colloid Interface Sci 303(1):99–108. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Maksin DD et al (2012) Equilibrium and kinetics study on hexavalent chromium adsorption onto diethylene triamine grafted glycidyl methacrylate-based copolymers. J Hazard Mater 209-210:99–110. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Malik H, Qureshi UA, Muqeet M, Mahar RB, Ahmed F, Khatri Z (2017) Removal of lead from aqueous solution using polyacrylonitrile/magnetite nanofibers. Environ Sci Pollut Res 1–8.
  30. Mobasherpour I, Salahi E, Ebrahimi M (2014) Thermodynamics and kinetics of adsorption of Cu(II) from aqueous solutions onto multi-walled carbon nanotubes. J Saudi Chem Soc 18(6):792–801. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Muslim A, Syamsuddin Y, Salamun, Abubakar A, Ramadhan D, Peiono D (2017) Adsorption of Cu(II) ions in aqueous solutions by HCl activated carbon of oil palm. 206(1):012075.
  32. Nguyen TA, Ngo HH, Guo WS, Zhang J, Liang S (2013) Applicability of agricultural waste and by-products for adsorptive removal of heavy metals from wastewater. Bioresour Technol 148(7):574. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Özcan A, Özcan AS, Tunali S, Akar T, Kiran I (2005) Determination of the equilibrium, kinetic and thermodynamic parameters of adsorption of copper (II) ions onto seeds of Capsicum annuum. J Hazard Mater 124(1–3):200–208. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Park JH et al (2017) Recycling of rice straw through pyrolysis and its adsorption behaviors for Cu and Zn ions in aqueous solution. Colloids Surf A Physicochem Eng Asp.
  35. Qambrani NA, Rahman MM, Won S, Shim S, Ra C (2017) Biochar properties and eco-friendly applications for climate change mitigation, waste management, and wastewater treatment: a review. Renew Sust Energ Rev 79:255–273. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Qiu C, He Y, Brookes P, Xu J (2016) The systematic characterization of nanoscale bamboo charcoal and its sorption on phenanthrene: a comparison with microscale. Sci Total Environ 578:399–407. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Qu X, Brame J, Li Q, Alvarez PJ (2013) Nanotechnology for a safe and sustainable water supply: enabling integrated water treatment and reuse. Acc Chem Res 46(3):834. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Rao AKR, Khatoon A (2017) Aluminate treated Casuarina equisetifolia leaves as potential adsorbent for sequestering cu(II), Pb(II) and Ni(II) from aqueous solution. J Clean Prod 165:1280–1295. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Shi Y, Zhang T, Ren H, Kruse A, Cui R (2017) Polyethylene imine modified hydrochar adsorption for chromium (VI) and nickel (II) removal from aqueous solution. Bioresour Technol 247:370–379. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Sudha R, Srinivasan K, Premkumar P (2015) Removal of nickel (II) from aqueous solution using Citrus limettioides peel and seed carbon. Ecotoxicol Environ Saf 117:115–123. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Sun K, Tang J, Gong Y, Zhang H (2015) Characterization of potassium hydroxide (KOH) modified hydrochars from different feedstocks for enhanced removal of heavy metals from water. Environ Sci Pollut Res 22:16640–16651. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Taimur S, Hassan MIU, Yasin T (2017) Removal of copper using novel amidoxime based chelating nanohybrid adsorbent. Eur Polym J 95.
  43. Tapia-Orozco N, Ibarra-Cabrera R, Tecante A, Gimeno M, Parra R (2016) Removal strategies for endocrine disrupting chemicals using cellulose-based materials as adsorbents: a review. J Environ Chem Eng 4(3):3122–3142. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Tran TK, Chiu KF, Lin CY, Leu HJ (2017) Electrochemical treatment of wastewater: selectivity of the heavy metals removal process. Int J Hydrog Energy.
  45. Vafakhah S, Bahrololoom ME, Bazarganlari R, Saeedikhani M (2014) Removal of copper ions from electroplating effluent solutions with native corn cob and corn stalk and chemically modified corn stalk. J Environ Chem Eng 2(1):356–361. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Villaescusa I, Fiol N, MartãNez M, Miralles N, Poch J, Serarols J (2004) Removal of copper and nickel ions from aqueous solutions by grape stalks wastes. Water Res 38(4):992–1002. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Xu Q, Wang Y, Jin L, Qin M (2017) Adsorption of Cu (II), Pb (II) and Cr (II) from aqueous solutions using black wattle tannin-immobilized nanocellulose. J Hazard Mater 339:91. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Yang YH, Shu DT, Fu TD, Zhang HY (2012) Equilibrium and kinetics studies for adsorption of Cu(II) from aqueous solution by modified phosphogypusum. Adv Mater Res 518-523:369–375 CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.College of Chemistry and Chemical EngineeringHunan UniversityChangshaChina

Personalised recommendations