Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 25, Issue 18, pp 17310–17320 | Cite as

In situ co-precipitation preparation of a superparamagnetic graphene oxide/Fe3O4 nanocomposite as an adsorbent for wastewater purification: synthesis, characterization, kinetics, and isotherm studies

  • Shengyan Pu
  • Shengyang Xue
  • Zeng Yang
  • Yaqi Hou
  • Rongxin Zhu
  • Wei Chu
Research Article


A superparamagnetic graphene oxide (GO)/Fe3O4 nanocomposite (MGO) was prepared by a facile in situ co-precipitation strategy, resulting in a prospective material for the application of graphene oxide in wastewater treatment. MGO was characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), x-ray diffraction (XRD), and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR). The prepared adsorbent showed a high adsorption efficiency relevant to the purification of dye-contaminated wastewater and could be readily magnetically separated. The maximum adsorption capacity was ca. 546.45 mg g−1 for the common cationic dye methylene blue (MB) and ca. 628.93 mg g−1 for the anionic dye Congo red (CR). The adsorption processes fit the pseudo-second-order kinetic model well, which revealed that these processes may involve the chemical interaction between adsorbate and adsorbent. The thermodynamic parameters indicated that the adsorption reaction was an endothermic and spontaneous process. Furthermore, the prepared magnetic adsorbent had a wide effective pH range from 5 to 11 and showed good stability after five reuse cycles. The synthetic MGO showed great potential as a promising adsorbent for organic contaminant removal in wastewater treatment.


In situ co-precipitation Graphene oxide Magnetic absorbent Dyeing wastewater 



The authors thank Prof. Anatoly Zinchenko for a helpful discussion.


This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. 41772264, 51408074) and the Research Fund of State Key Laboratory of Geohazard Prevention and Geoenvironment Protection (SKLGP2017Z009).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that there is no conflict of interests regarding the publication of this paper.

Supplementary material

11356_2018_1872_MOESM1_ESM.docx (536 kb)
ESM 1 (DOCX 536 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Shengyan Pu
    • 1
  • Shengyang Xue
    • 1
  • Zeng Yang
    • 1
  • Yaqi Hou
    • 1
  • Rongxin Zhu
    • 1
  • Wei Chu
    • 2
  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Geohazard Prevention and Geoenvironment ProtectionChengdu University of TechnologyChengduPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Department of Civil and Environment EngineeringThe Hong Kong Polytechnic UniversityHong KongPeople’s Republic of China

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