Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 25, Issue 16, pp 15754–15764 | Cite as

Remediation of cadmium contaminated water and soil using vinegar residue biochar

  • Yuxin Li
  • Guangpeng Pei
  • Xianliang Qiao
  • Yuen Zhu
  • Hua Li
Research Article


This study investigated a new biochar produced from vinegar residue that could be used to remediate cadmium (Cd)-contaminated water and soil. Aqueous solution adsorption and soil incubation experiments were performed to investigate whether a biochar prepared at 700 °C from vinegar residue could efficiently adsorb and/or stabilize Cd in water and soil. In the aqueous solution adsorption experiment, the Cd adsorption process was best fitted by the pseudo-second-order kinetic and Freundlich isotherm models. If the optimum parameters were used, i.e., pH 5 or higher, a biochar dosage of 12 g L−1, a 10 mg L−1 Cd initial concentration, and 15-min equilibrium time, at 25 °C, then Cd removal could reach about 100%. The soil incubation experiment evaluated the biochar effects at four different application rates (1, 2, 5, and 10% w/w) and three Cd contamination rates (0.5, 1, and 2.5 mg kg−1) on soil properties and Cd fractionation. Soil pH and organic matter increased after adding biochar, especially at the 10% application rate. At Cd pollution levels of 1.0 or 2.5 mg kg−1, a 10% biochar application rate was most effective. At 0.5 mg Cd kg−1 soil, a 5% biochar application rate was most efficient at transforming the acid extractable and easily reducible Cd fractions to oxidizable and residual Cd. The results from this study demonstrated that biochar made from vinegar residue could be a new and promising alternative biomass-derived material for Cd remediation in water and soil.


Vinegar residue Biochar Cadmium pollution Remediation Water Soil 



This work was supported by the Science and Technology Key Program of Shanxi Province of China (201603D21110-1); the Open Foundation of Key Laboratory of Industrial Ecology and Environmental Engineering, MOE (KLIEEE-16-03); and the Science and Technology Key Program of Shanxi Province of China (20140311008-6).


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Environment Science and ResourcesShanxi UniversityTaiyuanChina
  2. 2.Institute of Resources and Environment EngineeringShanxi UniversityTaiyuanChina
  3. 3.Key Laboratory of Industrial Ecology and Environmental Engineering, School of Environmental Science and TechnologyDalian University of TechnologyDalianChina

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