Detection of 2-aminoethylphosphonic acid in suspended particles in an ultraoligotrophic lake: a two-dimensional nuclear magnetic resonance (2D-NMR) study
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Particulate organic phosphorus (P) compounds were examined in ultraoligotrophic Lake Saiko, Japan. A cartridge filter was used to collect sufficient amount of suspended particles for analysis by a two-dimensional NMR (1H-31P heteronuclear multiple bond correlation). 2-Aminoethylphosphonic acid (2-AEP), a phosphonate, was detected in suspended particles in Lake Saiko. The identity of the phosphonate was confirmed by comparison with a commercially available compound. Because 2-AEP is bioavailable, microorganisms can store and use this compound under extremely P-limited conditions. This is the first study to detect 2-AEP in an ultra-oligotrophic environment.
KeywordsTwo-dimensional NMR 2-aminoethylphosphonic acid Ultra-oligotrophic
We thank Mariko Watanabe for her help with the NMR analyses.
The current study was financially supported by a Grant-in-aid for Young Scientists (A) (15H05533) and a Grant-in-aid (B) (16H02935) from the Japan Society for the Promotion of Sciences (JSPS).