Adsorptive removal of fluoride from water by granular zirconium–aluminum hybrid adsorbent: performance and mechanisms

  • Kun Wu
  • Yuanyuan Chen
  • Yongqiang Ouyang
  • Hang Lei
  • Ting Liu
Research Article
  • 29 Downloads

Abstract

Granular zirconium–aluminum hybrid adsorbent (GZAHA) was fabricated for efficient defluoridation of groundwater in filter application. GZAHA was formed through the aggregation of massive Zr/Al oxide nanoparticles with an amorphous pattern. This adsorbent has a satisfactory mechanical strength, a specific surface area of 29.55 m2/g, and numerous hydroxyl groups on the surface. F adsorption equilibrium could be achieved within 12 h, and the sorption process followed a pseudo-second-order reaction rate. The maximum adsorption capacity of F estimated from the Langmuir model was 65.07 mg/g at 25 °C, being greater than most of other granular adsorbents. The removal efficiency of F could be maintained in a wide pH range of 5~9. The presence of phosphate posed an adverse effect on F adsorption due to the competition mechanisms. The saturated adsorbents could be regenerated and reused for four times by using sodium hydroxide solution as an eluent, and the adsorption capacity remained around 80%. Besides electrostatic attraction and Al–F complex, surface complexation and anion exchange were also involved in the adsorption process. Continuous adsorption experiments illustrated that 808 bed volumes of F-contaminated water (F = 5 mg/L) were treated successfully by a GZAHA-packed column without second pollution.

Keywords

Fluoride Adsorption Aluminum oxide Zirconium oxide Granular adsorbent 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was supported by the Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 51578440/51208415), Science and Technology Overall Plan of Shaanxi Province (No. 2016KTCG01-17), Key Laboratory Project of Education Department of Shaanxi Province (Grant No. 14JS042), and Major Science and Technology Program for Water Pollution Control and Treatment (Grant No. 2013ZX07310-001).

Supplementary material

11356_2018_1711_MOESM1_ESM.doc (5.4 mb)
ESM 1 (DOC 5.37 mb)

References

  1. Amini M, Mueller K, Abbaspour KC, Rosenberg T, Afyuni M, Møller KN, Sarr M, Johnson CA (2008) Statistical modeling of global geogenic fluoride contamination in groundwaters. Environ Sci Technol 42:3662–3668CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Ayoob S, Gupta AK, Bhat VT (2008) A conceptual overview on sustainable technologies for the defluoridation of drinking water. Crit Rev Environ Sci Technol 38:401–470CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bhatnagar A, Kumar E, Sillanpää M (2011) Fluoride removal from water by adsorption—a review. Chem Eng J 171:811–840CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Bibi S, Farooqi A, Hussain K, Haider N (2015) Evaluation of industrial based adsorbents for simultaneous removal of arsenic and fluoride from drinking water. J Clean Prod 87:882–896CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Brahman KD, Kazi TG, Baig JA, Afridi HI, Arain SS, Saraj S, Arain MB, Arain SA (2016) Biosorptive removal of inorganic arsenic species and fluoride from aqueous medium by the stem of Tecomella undulate. Chemosphere 150:320–328CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Brunauer S, Deming LS, Deming WE, Teller E (1940) On a theory of the van der Waals adsorption of gases. J Am Chem Soc 62:1723–1732CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Cai HM, Xu LY, Chen GJ, Peng CY, Ke F, Liu ZQ, Li DX, Zhang ZZ, Wan XC (2016a) Removal of fluoride from drinking water using modified ultrafine tea powder processed using a ball-mill. Appl Surf Sci 375:74–84CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Cai J, Zhang Y, Pan B, Zhang W, Lv L, Zhang Q (2016b) Efficient defluoridation of water using reusable nanocrystalline layered double hydroxides impregnated polystyrene anion exchanger. Water Res 102:109–116CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Casas N, Schell J, Pini R, Mazzotti M (2012) Fixed bed adsorption of CO2/H2 mixtures on activated carbon: experiments and modeling. Adsorption 18:143–161CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Chen N, Zhang ZY, Feng CP, Zhu DR, Yang YN, Sugiura N (2011) Preparation and characterization of porous granular ceramic containing dispersed aluminum and iron oxides as adsorbents for fluoride removal from aqueous solution. J Hazard Mater 186:863–868CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Cheng J, Meng X, Jing C, Hao J (2014) La3+-modified activated alumina for fluoride removal from water. J Hazard Mater 278:343–349CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Chinoy NJ (1991) Effects of fluoride on physiology of animals and human being. Indian J. Environ Toxicol 1(1):17–32Google Scholar
  13. Christie AB, Lee J, Sutherland I, Walls JM (1983) An XPS study of ion-induced compositional changes with group II and group IV compounds. Appl Surf Sci 15:224–237CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Colla V, Branca TA, Rosito F, Lucca C, Vivas BP, Delmiro VM (2016) Sustainable reverse osmosis application for wastewater treatment in the steel industry. J Clean Prod 130:103–115CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Cui H, Qian Y, An H, Sun C, Zhai J, Li Q (2012) Electrochemical removal of fluoride from water by PAOA-modified carbon felt electrodes in a continuous flow reactor. Water Res 46:3943–3950CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Dissanayake CB (1991) The fluoride problem in the ground water of Sri Lanka—environmental management and health. J Environ Stud 19:195–203CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Do DD (1998) Adsorption analysis: equilibria and kinetics. Imperial College Press, LondonGoogle Scholar
  18. Dou XM, Zhang YS, Wang HJ, Wang TJ, Wang YL (2011) Performance of granular zirconium-iron oxide in the removal of fluoride from drinking water. Water Res 45:3571–3578CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Dou X, Mohan D, Pittman CU Jr, Yang S (2012) Remediating fluoride from water using hydrous zirconium oxide. Chem Eng J 198–199:236–245CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Erbahar D, Susi T, Rocquefelte X, Bittencourt C, Scardamaglia M, Blaha P, Guttmann P, Rotas G, Tagmatarchis N, Zhu X (2016) Spectromicroscopy of C60 and azafullerene C59N: identifying surface adsorbed water. Sci Rep 6:35605CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Foo KY, Hameed BH (2010) Insights into the modeling of adsorption isotherm systems. Chem Eng J 156:2–10CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Freundlich HMF (1906) Ünber die adsorption in lösungen. Z Phys Chem (Leipzig) 19:385–470Google Scholar
  23. Gimbert F, Morin-Crini N, Renault F, Badot PM, Crini G (2008) Adsorption isotherm models for dye removal by cationized starch-based material in a single component system: error analysis. J Hazard Mater 157:34–46CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Gómez-Hortigüela L, Pérez-Pariente J, García R, Chebude Y, Díaz I (2013) Natural zeolites from Ethiopia for elimination of fluoride from drinking water. Sep Purif Technol 120:224–229CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Harrison PTC (2005) Fluoride in water: a UK perspective. J Fluor Chem 126:1448–1456CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. He JS, Chen JP (2014) A zirconium-based nanoparticle: essential factors for sustainable application in treatment of fluoride containing water. J Colloid Interf Sci 416:227–234CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. He JS, Siah TS, Chen JP (2014) Performance of an optimized Zr-based nanoparticle-embedded PSF blend hollow fiber membrane in treatment of fluoride contaminated water. Water Res 56:88–97CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. He Z, Lan HC, Gong WX, Liu RP, Gao YP, Liu HJ, Qu JH (2016) Coagulation behaviors of aluminum salts towards fluoride: significance of aluminum speciation and transformation. Sep Purif Technol 165:137–144CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Ho YS (2006) Review of second-order models for adsorption systems. J Hazard Mater B136:681–689CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Ho YS, Mckay G (1998) Sorption of dye from aqueous solution by peat. Chem Eng J 70:115–124CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Ho YS, Mckay G (1999) Pseudo-second order model for sorption processes. Process Biochem 34:451–465CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Holleman AF, Wiberg E (2001) Inorganic chemistry. Academic Press, San DiegoGoogle Scholar
  33. Hu CY, Lo SL, Kuan WH (2005) Effects of the molar ration of hydroxide and fluoride to Al(III) on fluoride removal by coagulation and electrocoagulation. J Colloid Interf Sci 283:472–476CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Jadhav SV, Eugenio B, Yadav GD, Rathod VK, Inmaculada O, Marathe KV (2015) Arsenic and fluoride contaminated groundwaters: a review of current technologies for contaminants removal. J Environ Manag 162:306–325CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Kim GH, Dong LK, Ahn BD, Sang YL, Kim HJ (2009) Investigation on doping behavior of copper in ZnO thin film. Microelectron J 40:272–275CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Kuang L, Liu Y, Fu D, Zhao Y (2017) FeOOH-graphene oxide nanocomposites for fluoride removal from water: acetate mediated nano FeOOH growth and adsorption mechanism. J Colloid Interf Sci 490:259–269CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Kumar E, Bhatnagar A, Ji M, Jung W, Lee SH, Kim SJ, Lee G, Song H, Choi JY, Yang JS (2009) Defluoridation from aqueous solutions by granular ferric hydroxide (GFH). Water Res 43:490–498CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Kumar E, Bhatnagar A, Hogland W, Marques M, Sillanpää M (2014) Interaction of anionic pollutants with Al-based adsorbents in aqueous media—a review. Chem Eng J 241:443–456CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Langmuir I (1918) The adsorption of gases on plane surfaces of glass, mica and platinum. J Am Chem Soc 40:1361–1403CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Lata S, Samadder SR (2016) Removal of arsenic from water using nano adsorbents and challenges: a review. J Environ Manag 166:387–406CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Lennon MA, Whelton H, Mullane DO, Ekstrand J (2004) Fluoride, in: Rolling Revision of the W.H.O. Guidelines for Drinking-Water Quality, GenevaGoogle Scholar
  42. Li L, Zhu Q, Man KX, Xing ZP (2017) Fluoride removal from liquid phase by Fe-Al-La trimetal hydroxides adsorbent prepared by iron and aluminum leaching from red mud. J Mol Liq 237:164–172CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Liu RP, Gong WX, Lan HC, Gao YP, Liu HJ, Qu JH (2011) Defluoridation by freshly prepared aluminum hydroxides. Chem Eng J 175:144–149CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Ma Y, Zheng YM, Chen JP (2011) A zirconium based nanoparticle for significantly enhanced adsorption of arsenate: synthesis, characterization and performance. J Colloid Interf Sci 354(2):785–792CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Maliyekkal SM, Sharma AK, Philip L (2006) Manganese-oxide-coated alumina: a promising sorbent for defluoridation of water. Water Res 40:3497–3506CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Maliyekkal SM, Shukla S, Philip L, Nambi IM (2008) Enhanced fluoride removal from drinking water by magnesia-amended activated alumina granules. Chem Eng J 140:183–192CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Masue Y, Loeppert RH, Kramer TA (2007) Arsenate and arsenite adsorption and desorption behavior on coprecipitated aluminum:iron hydroxides. Environ Sci Technol 41:837–842CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Millar GJ, Couperthwaite SJ, Dawes LA, Thompson S, Spencer J (2017) Activated alumina for the removal of fluoride ions from high alkalinity groundwater: new insights from equilibrium and column studies with multicomponent solutions. Sep Purif Technol 187:14–24CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Miretzky P, Cirelli AF (2011) ChemInform abstract: fluoride removal from water by chitosan derivatives and composites. J Fluor Chem 132:231–240CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Mohapatra M, Anand S, Mishra BK, Giles DE, Singh P (2010) Review of fluoride removal from drinking water. J Environ Manag 91:67–77CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Mohapatra M, Rout K, Singh P, Anand S, Layek S, Verma HC, Mishra BK (2011) Fluoride adsorption studies on mixed-phase nano iron oxides prepared by surfactant mediation-precipitation technique. J Hazard Mater 186:1751–1757CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Nan C, Zhang ZY, Feng CP, Sugiura N, Miao L, Chen RA (2010) Fluoride removal from water by granular ceramic adsorption. J Colloid Interf Sci 348:579–584CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Paudyal H, Pangeni B, Inoue K, Kawakita H, Ohto K, Alam S (2013) Adsorptive removal of fluoride from aqueous medium using a fixed bed column packed with Zr(IV) loaded dried orange juice residue. Bioresour Technol 146:713–720CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Pirlot C, Delhalle J, Pireaux JJ, Mekhalif Z (2001) Surface modification of polycrystalline iron surfaces by n-dodecanethiol: an XPS investigation. Surf Coat Technol 138:166–172CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. Plattner J, Naidu G, Wintgens T, Vigneswaran S, Kazner C (2017) Fluoride removal from groundwater using direct contact membrane distillation (DCMD) and vacuum enhanced DCMD (VEDCMD). Sep Purif Technol 180:125–132CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. Prabhu SM, Elanchezhiyan SS, Lee G, Khan A, Meenakshi S (2016) Assembly of nano-sized hydroxyapatite onto graphene oxide sheets via in-situ fabrication method and its prospective application for defluoridation studies. Chem Eng J 300:334–342CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. Radlein D, Piskorz J, Scott DS (1991) Fast pyrolysis of natural polysaccharides as a potential industrial process. J Anal Appl Pyrol 19:41–63CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. Reardon EJ, Wang Y (2000) A limestone reactor for fluoride removal from wastewaters. Environ Sci Technol 34:3247–3253CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. Rigby SP, Fletcher RS (2004) Experimental evidence for pore blocking as the mechanism for nitrogen sorption hysteresis in a mesoporous material. J Phys Chem B 108:4690–4695CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. Rudzinski W, Steele WA, Zgrablich G (1996) Equilibria and dynamics of gas adsorption on heterogeneous solid surfaces. Elsevier, AmsterdamGoogle Scholar
  61. Saada R, Kellici S, Heil T, Morgan D, Saha B (2015) Greener synthesis of dimethyl carbonate using a novel ceria–zirconia oxide/graphene nanocomposite catalyst. Appl Catal B Environ 168–169:353–362CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. Salifu A, Petrusevski B, Mwampashi ES, Pazi IA, Ghebremichael K, Buamah R, Aubry C, Amy GL, Kenedy MD (2016) Defluoridation of groundwater using aluminum-coated bauxite: optimization of synthesis process conditions and equilibrium study. J Environ Manag 181:108–117CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. Santhosh C, Velmurugan V, Jacob G, Jeong SK, Grace AN, Bhatnagar A (2016) Role of nanomaterials in water treatment applications: a review. Chem Eng J 306:1116–1137CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. Scokart PO, Selim SA, Damon JP, Rouxhet PG (1979) The chemistry and surface chemistry of fluorinated alumina. J Colloid Interf Sci 70:209–222CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. Scott AB, Saeed T (2015) Determining parameters and mechanisms of colloid retention and release in porous media. Langmuir 31:12096–12105CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  66. Sips R (1948) On the structure of a catalyst surface. J Chem Phys 16:490–495CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  67. Teng SX, Wang SG, Gong WX, Liu XW, Gao BY (2009) Removal of fluoride by hydrous manganese oxide-coated alumina: performance and mechanism. J Hazard Mater 168:1004–1011CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  68. Thakre D, Jagtap S, Sakhare N, Labhsetwar N, Meshram S, Rayalu S (2010) Chitosan based mesoporous Ti-Al binary metal oxide supported beads for defluoridation of water. Chem Eng J 158:315–324CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  69. Umpleby RJ, Baxter SC, Rampey AM, Rushton GT, Chen Y, Shimizu KD (2004) Characterization of the heterogeneous binding site affinity distributions in molecularly imprinted polymers. J Chromatogr B 804:141–149CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  70. Vences-Alvarez E, Velazquezjimenez LH, Chazaroruiz LF, Diazflores PE, Rangelmendez JR (2015) Fluoride removal in water by a hybrid adsorbent lanthanum-carbon. J Colloid Interf Sci 455:194–202CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  71. Wagner CD, Zatko DA, Raymond RH (1980) Use of the oxygen KLL Auger lines in identification of surface chemical states by electron spectroscopy for chemical analysis. Anal Chem 52:1445–1451CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  72. Wang J, Kang D, Yu X, Ge M, Chen Y (2015) Synthesis and characterization of Mg–Fe–La trimetal composite as an adsorbent for fluoride removal. Chem Eng J 264:506–513CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  73. Wang AH, Zhou KG, Liu X, Liu F, Zhang C, Chen QZ (2017) Granular tri-metal oxide adsorbent for fluoride uptake: adsorption kinetic and equilibrium studies. J Colloid Interf Sci 505:947–955CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  74. World Health Organization (2006) Guidelines for drinking-water quality [Electronic Resource]: Incorporating first addendum. In: WHO (ed) . WHO, Geneva, pp 375–377Google Scholar
  75. Wu XM, Zhang Y, Dou XM, Yang M (2007) Fluoride removal performance of a novel Fe–Al–Ce trimetal oxide adsorbent. Chemosphere 69:1758–1764CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  76. Wu XW, Zhang Y, Dou XM, Zhao B, Yang M (2013) Fluoride adsorption on an Fe–Al–Ce trimetal hydrous oxide: characterization of adsorption sites and adsorbed fluorine complex species. Chem Eng J 223:364–370CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  77. Xiang W, Zhang G, Zhang Y, Tang D, Wang J (2014) Synthesis and characterization of cotton-like Ca–Al–La composite as an adsorbent for fluoride removal. Chem Eng J 250:423–430CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  78. Yan L, Tu H, Chan T, Jing C (2016) Mechanistic study of simultaneous arsenic and fluoride removal using granular TiO2–La adsorbent. Chem Eng J 313:983–992CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  79. Zhang Y, Yang M, Dou XM, He H, Wang DS (2005) Arsenate adsorption on an Fe-Ce bimetal oxide adsorbent: role of surface properties. Environ Sci Technol 39:7246–7253CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  80. Zhang ZJ, Tan Y, Zhong MF (2011) Defluorination of wastewater by calcium chloride modified natural zeolite. Desalination 276:246–252CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  81. Zhang T, Li Q, Xiao H, Mei Z, Lu H, Zhou Y (2013) Enhanced fluoride removal from water by non-thermal plasma modified CeO2/Mg–Fe layered double hydroxides. Appl Clay Sci 72:117–123CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  82. Zhang NT, Yang X, Yu XY, Jia Y, Wang J, Kong L, Jin Z, Sun B, Luo T, Liu JH (2014) Al-1,3,5-benzenetricarboxylic metal–organic frameworks: a promising adsorbent for defluoridation of water with pH insensitivity and low aluminum residual. Chem Eng J 252:220–229CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  83. Zhang C, Li Y, Wang TJ, Jiang Y, Wang H (2016) Adsorption of drinking water fluoride on a micron-sized magnetic Fe3O4@Fe-Ti composite adsorbent. Appl Surf Sci 36:507–515CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  84. Zhang C, Li Y, Wang TJ, Jiang Y, Fok J (2017) Synthesis and properties of a high-capacity iron oxide adsorbent for fluoride removal from drinking water. Appl Surf Sci 425:272–281CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  85. Zhao B, Zhang Y, Dou XM, Wu XM, Yang M (2012) Granulation of Fe–Al–Ce trimetal hydroxide as a fluoride adsorbent using the extrusion method. Chem Eng J 185–186:211–218CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  86. Zhao X, Zhang LM, Xiong P, Ma WJ, Qian N, Lu WC (2015) A novel method for synthesis of Co–Al layered double hydroxides and their conversions to mesoporous CoAl2O4 nanostructures for applications in adsorption removal of fluoride ions. Micropor Mesopor Mat 201:91–98CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  87. Zheng YM, Yu L, Wu D, Chen JP (2012) Removal of arsenite from aqueous solution by a zirconia nanoparticle. Chem Eng J 188:15–22CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Environmental and Municipal EngineeringXi’an University of Architecture and TechnologyXi’anChina
  2. 2.College of Resources and EnvironmentNorthwest A&F UniversityYanglingChina

Personalised recommendations