Biosorption of strontium ions from simulated high-level liquid waste by living Saccharomyces cerevisiae
In this study, the Saccharomyces cerevisiae (S. cerevisiae) was modified by γ-ray. The RNA-seq results reflect that the high γ-ray energies could change some gene fragments, such as deletion, recombination, and mutation. The biosorption of strontium ions (Sr2+) to different types of S. cerevisiae (S. cerevisiae (K-0), modified S. cerevisiae (Y-7), and non-living S. cerevisiae (H-K)) from the simulated high-level liquid waste (S-HLLW) was assessed at different experimental conditions. The sorption experimental results show that, under an appropriate condition, γ-ray radiation can enhance its biosorption capacity slightly of Sr2+ to S. cerevisiae. The maximum metal uptake and efficiency of Y-7 under S-HLLW were 11.656 mg g−1 and 37.91% at 32 h (wet weight), respectively. They decreased to 9.46 mg g−1 and 30.76% under radiation conditions. SEM-EDX and TEM analysis indicates that Sr2+ was adsorbed both on the cellular surface and the inner parts of the cells. Our experimental results fit well to the Langmuir and Freundlich model isotherms (r2 > 0.94), and the maximum biosorption capacity values reached qmax > 24.74 mg g−1 at 32 °C. Negative values of ΔG0 and positive values of ΔH0 were observed, indicating the spontaneous and endothermic nature of Sr2+ biosorption on modified S. cerevisiae. The biosorption kinetics follow a pseudo-second-order equation at 32 °C (r2 > 0.94). The desorption efficiency of Sr2+ adsorbed onto Y-7 was 7.65 ± 0.52%, 76.51 ± 2.13%, and 65.62 ± 2.42% by deionized water, 1 M HCl, and 0.1 M EDTA-Na, respectively. However, they were lower than H-K (18.82, 83.32, and 73.32%). Our findings demonstrate that living S. cerevisiae (Y-7) is a promising sorbent material for the treatment of radioactive process streams.
KeywordsSaccharomyces cerevisiae RNA-seq Biosorption Strontium Simulated high-level liquid waste Kinetics
Sponsored by the Natural Science Foundation of Jiangsu Province (SBK2014041829), the graduate student innovation fund of Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics (kfjj201444), the environmental protection scientific research subject in Jiangsu province (Grant No. 2016003), the A Project Fund by the Priority Academic Program Development of Jiangsu Higher Education Institutions (PAPD), and the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 11705089).
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