The influencing factors of CO2 emission intensity of Chinese agriculture from 1997 to 2014

Research Article


In China, agriculture produces the greatest chemical oxygen demand (COD) emissions in wastewater and the most methane (CH4) emissions. It is imperative that agricultural pollution in China be reduced. This study investigated the influencing factors of the CO2 emission intensity of Chinese agriculture from 1997 to 2014. We analyzed the influencing factors of the CO2 emission intensity through the first-stage least-square regression. We also analyzed determinants of innovation through the second-stage least-square regression. We found that innovation negatively affected the CO2 emission intensity in the model of the nation. FDI positively affected innovation in China. It is important to enhance indigenous innovation for green agriculture through labor training and collaboration between agriculture and academia.


Agriculture Indigenous innovation FDI 



We appreciate the financial support provided by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. 71603105, 71673117, 71471076), Natural Science Foundation of Jiangsu, China (No. SBK2016042936), Science Foundation of Ministry of Education of China (No. 16YJC790067), and China Postdoctoral Science Foundation (No. 2017M610051).


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018
corrected publication March/2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Xingle Long
    • 1
    • 2
  • Yusen Luo
    • 3
  • Chao Wu
    • 3
  • Jijian Zhang
    • 3
  1. 1.School of ManagementJiangsu UniversityZhenjiangPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Center for Energy and Environmental Policy ResearchBeijing Institute of TechnologyBeijingPeople’s Republic of China
  3. 3.School of Finance and EconomicsJiangsu UniversityZhenjiangPeople’s Republic of China

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