Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 25, Issue 36, pp 35936–35948 | Cite as

Energy crops on landfills: functional, environmental, and costs analysis of different landfill configurations

  • Alberto Pivato
  • Francesco GarboEmail author
  • Marco Moretto
  • Maria Cristina Lavagnolo
Sustainable Waste Management


The cultivation of energy crops on landfills represents an important challenge for the near future, as the possibility to use devalued sites for energy production is very attractive. In this study, four scenarios have been assessed and compared with respect to a reference case defined for northern Italy. The scenarios were defined taking into consideration current energy crops issues. In particular, the first three scenarios were based on energy maximisation, phytotreatment ability, and environmental impact, respectively. The fourth scenario was a combination of these characteristics emphasised by the previous scenarios. A multi-criteria analysis, based on economic, energetic, and environmental aspects, was performed. From the analysis, the best scenario resulted to be the fourth, with its ability to pursue several objectives simultaneously and obtain the best score relatively to both environmental and energetic criteria. On the contrary, the economic criterion emerges as weak, as all the considered scenarios showed some limits from this point of view. Important indications for future designs can be derived. The decrease of leachate production due to the presence of energy crops on the top cover, which enhances evapotranspiration, represents a favourable but critical aspect in the definition of the results.


Energy crops Landfills management Scenarios evaluation Multi-criteria analysis Energy maximisation Phytotreatment ability Environmental impact 

Supplementary material

11356_2018_1452_MOESM1_ESM.docx (24 kb)
Annex 1 (DOCX 23 kb)
11356_2018_1452_MOESM2_ESM.docx (77 kb)
Annex 2 (DOCX 77 kb)
11356_2018_1452_MOESM3_ESM.docx (62 kb)
Annex 3 (DOCX 62 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alberto Pivato
    • 1
  • Francesco Garbo
    • 2
    Email author
  • Marco Moretto
    • 1
  • Maria Cristina Lavagnolo
    • 1
  1. 1.DICEA - Department of Civil, Environmental and Architectural EngineeringUniversity of PadovaPadovaItaly
  2. 2.DII - Department of Industrial EngineeringUniversity of PadovaPadovaItaly

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