Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 25, Issue 12, pp 11661–11669 | Cite as

Response of soil microbial communities to red mud-based stabilizer remediation of cadmium-contaminated farmland

  • Hui Li
  • Lemian Liu
  • Lin Luo
  • Yan Liu
  • Jianhong Wei
  • Jiachao Zhang
  • Yuan Yang
  • Anwei Chen
  • Qiming Mao
  • Yaoyu Zhou
Research Article


In this work, a field test was conducted to investigate the effects of heavy metal stabilizer addition on brown rice and microbial variables in a cadmium (Cd)-contaminated farmland from April to October in 2016. Compared with the control, red mud-based stabilizer (RMDL) effectively reduced the concentration of Cd in brown rice (with the removal rate of 48.14% in early rice, 20.24 and 47.62% in late rice). The results showed that adding 0.3 kg m−2 RDML in early rice soil or soil for both early and late rice increased the microbial biomass carbon (MBC), the number of culturable heterotrophic bacteria and fungi, and the catalase activity in soil at different stages of paddy rice growth. Furthermore, there was no notable difference in the diversity of the bacterial species, community composition, and relative abundance at phylum (or class) or operational taxonomic unit (OTU) levels between the control and treatment (RMDL addition) groups. In a word, RMDL could be highly recommended as an effective remediation stabilizer for Cd-contaminated farmland, since its continuous application in paddy soil cultivating two seasons rice soil could effectively decrease the Cd content in brown rice and had no negative impact on soil microorganisms.


Cd-contaminated farmland Brown rice Red mud Stabilizer Microbial biomass carbon Enzyme activity Microbial community 



The study was financially supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC; Grant Nos. 51709103, 51409024, 51222805, 51408219, 51579096, 51521006, and 51508175), The Special Environmental Protection Foundation for Public Welfare Project (201509032), Project of Science and Technology of Hunan Province (2015WK3016), and Project of Science and Technology of Hunan Province (2016WK2010).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Supplementary material

11356_2018_1409_MOESM1_ESM.docx (1.6 mb)
ESM 1 (DOCX 1616 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hui Li
    • 1
  • Lemian Liu
    • 2
  • Lin Luo
    • 1
  • Yan Liu
    • 3
  • Jianhong Wei
    • 4
  • Jiachao Zhang
    • 1
  • Yuan Yang
    • 1
  • Anwei Chen
    • 1
  • Qiming Mao
    • 1
  • Yaoyu Zhou
    • 1
  1. 1.College of Resources and EnvironmentHunan Agriculture UniversityChangshaChina
  2. 2.College of Biological Science and EngineeringFuzhou UniversityFuzhouChina
  3. 3.Hunan Modern Environment Technology Co., LTDChangshaChina
  4. 4.College of Biological Science and TechnologyHunan Agricultural UniversityChangshaChina

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