Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 25, Issue 27, pp 26823–26830 | Cite as

Levels and distribution of cobalt and nickel in the aquatic macrophytes found in Skadar Lake, Montenegro

  • Vlatko KastratovićEmail author
  • Miljan Bigović
  • Željko Jaćimović
  • Milica Kosović
  • Dijana Đurović
  • Slađana Krivokapić
Protection and Restoration of the Environment


Macrophytes react to changes in the quality of the environment in which they live (water/sediment), and they are good bioindicators of surface water conditions. In the present study, the content of the metals cobalt (Co) and nickel (Ni) was determined in the sediment, the water, and different organs of macrophytes from six localities around Lake Skadar, across four different seasons of year. The aquatic macrophytes that have been used as bioindicator species in this study are Phragmites australis (an emerged species), Ceratophyllum demersum (a submerged species), and Lemna minor (a floating species). The aim of this study was to determine the distribution of metals in macrophyte tissues and also to discover the degree of bioaccumulation of the investigated metals, depending both on the location and on the season. The content of Co and Ni in the examined parts of the macrophytes was in the range of 0.04–8.78 and 0.30–28.5 ppm, respectively. The greatest content of the investigated metal in the organs of P. australis and C. demersum was recorded at the beginning of and during the growing season. Greater concentrations of metals in the tissue of L. minor were observed at the end of the growing season.


Lake Skadar Macrophytes Cobalt Nickel Bioindicator Sediment 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Vlatko Kastratović
    • 1
    Email author
  • Miljan Bigović
    • 1
  • Željko Jaćimović
    • 2
  • Milica Kosović
    • 2
  • Dijana Đurović
    • 3
  • Slađana Krivokapić
    • 1
  1. 1.Faculty of Natural Sciences and MathematicsUniversity of MontenegroPodgoricaMontenegro
  2. 2.Faculty of Technology and MetallurgyUniversity of MontenegroPodgoricaMontenegro
  3. 3.Institute of Public Health of MontenegroPodgoricaMontenegro

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