Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 25, Issue 10, pp 9840–9848 | Cite as

Development of porosity and surface chemistry of textile waste jute-based activated carbon by physical activation

  • Weifang Chen
  • Feifei He
  • Sijia Zhang
  • Hui Xv
  • Zhihua Xv
Research Article


Two-step physical activation was used to prepare activated carbon from textile waste jute. Raw material was first carbonized under nitrogen and then activated by CO2. Based on yield and pore structure, the optimal carbonization temperature and time were 500 °C and 60 min, respectively. Carbonized sample was next activated. The development of porosity and surface chemistry was highly dependent on activation temperature and time. Activated carbon produced at 800 °C was predominantly microporous while that produced at 900 °C was more mesoporous and macroporous. The shift from microporosity to mesoporosity could be used to produce either microporous or mesoporous carbon just by changing the activation temperature. Activation also changed the surface chemistry and created a more carbonaceous structure. The jute-based activated carbon was mostly powdered in form, slightly acidic and effective in adsorbing both heavy metals and organics.


Textile waste Jute Physical activation Porosity Surface chemistry 



This work was supported by the Shanghai Natural Science Foundation (14ZR1428900) and National Natural Science Foundation of China (21707090).


  1. Ahmedna M, Marshall WE, Rao PM (2000) Production of granular activated carbon from select agricultural by-products and evaluation of their physical, chemical and adsorption properties. Bioresour Technol 71(2):113–123. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Alriols MG, Tejado A, Blanco M, Mondragon I, Labidi J (2009) Agricultural palm oil tree residues as raw material for cellulose, lignin and hemicelluloses production by ethylene glycol pulping process. Chem Eng J 148:106–114CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Angin D, Altintig E, Köse TE (2013) Influence of process parameters on the surface and chemical properties of activated carbon obtained from biochar by chemical activation. Bioresour Technol 148:542–549CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Bediako JK, Wei W, Yun YS (2016) Low-cost renewable adsorbent developed from waste textile fabric and its application to heavy metal adsorption. J Taiwan Inst Chem Eng 63:250–258CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Correa CR, Otto T, Kruse A (2017) Influence of the biomass components on the pore formation of activated carbon. Biomass Bioenergy 97:53–64CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Daoud M, Benturki O, Kecira Z, Girods P, Donnot A (2017) Removal of reactive dye (BEZAKTIV Red S-MAX) from aqueous solution by adsorption onto activated carbons prepared from date palm rachis and jujube stones. J Mol Liq 243:799–809CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Das S, Bhowmick M, Chattopadhyay SK, Basak S (2015) Application of biomimicry in textiles. Curr Sci 109(5):893–901. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Dizbay-Onat M, Vaidya UK, Lungu CT (2017) Preparation of industrial sisal fiber waste derived activated carbon by chemical activation and effects of carbonization parameters on surface characteristics. Ind Crop Prod 95:583–590. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. dos Reis JML (2009) Effect of textile waste on the mechanical properties of polymer concrete. Mater Res 12(1):63–67. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Duan X, Srinivasakannan C, Wang X, Wang F, Liu X (2017) Synthesis of activated carbon fibers from cotton by microwave induced H3PO4 activation. J Taiwan Inst Chem Eng 70:374–381CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Gao Y, Yue Q, Gao B, Sun Y, Wang W, Li Q, Wang Y (2013) Preparation of high surface area-activated carbon from lignin of papermaking black liquor by KOH activation for Ni(II) adsorption. Chem Eng J 217:345–353CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Ghazy M, Harby K, Askalany AA, Saha BB (2016) Adsorption isotherms and kinetics of activated carbon/Difluoroethane adsorption pair: theory and experiments. Int J Refrig 70:196–205. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Itodo AU, Abdulrahman FW, Hassan LG, Maigandi SA, Itodo HU (2010) Application of methylene blue and iodine adsorption in the measurement of specific surface area by four acid and salt treated activated carbons. New York Sci J 3:25–33Google Scholar
  14. Karaman I, Yagmur E, Banford A, Aktas Z (2014) The effect of process parameters on the carbon dioxide based production of activated carbon from lignite in a rotary reactor. Fuel Process Technol 118:34–41. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Kumar A, Jena HM (2016) Preparation and characterization of high surface area activated carbon from Fox nut (Euryale ferox) shell by chemical activation with H3PO4. Results Phys 6:651–658. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Kwiatkowski M, Broniek E (2017) An analysis of the porous structure of activated carbons obtained from hazelnut shells by various physical and chemical methods of activation. Colloids Surf A Physicochem Eng Asp 529:443–453. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Lim WC, Srinivasakannan C, Balasubramanian N (2010) Activation of palm shells by phosphoric acid impregnation for high yielding activated carbon. J Anal Appl Pyrolysis 88:181–186CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Miranda R, Sosa-Blanco C, Bustos-Martinze D, Vasile C (2007) Pyrolysis of textile wastes I. Kinetics and yields J Anal Appl Pyrolysis 80(2):489–495. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Nahil MA, Williams PT (2012) Surface chemistry and porosity of nitrogen-containing activated carbons produced from acrylic textile waste. Chem Eng J 184:228–237. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Phan NH, Rio S, Faur C, Le Coq L, Le Choirec P, Nguyen TH (2006) Production of fibrous activated carbons from natural cellulose (jute, coconut) fibers for water treatment application. Carbon 44(12):2569–2577. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Saleh TA, Gupta VK (2014) Processing methods, characteristics and adsorption behavior of tire derived carbons: a review. Adv Colloid Interf Sci 211:93–101. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Senthilkumaar S, Kalaamani P, Porkodi K, Varadarajan PR, Subburaam CV (2006) Adsorption of dissolved reactive red dye from aqueous phase onto activated carbon prepared from agricultural waste. Bioresour Technol 97(14):1618–1625. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Stefanidis SD, Kalogiannis KG, Iliopoulou EF, Michailof CM, Pilavachi PA, Lappas AA (2014) A study of lignocellulosic biomass pyrolysis via the pyrolysis of cellulose, hemicellulose and lignin. J Anal Appl Pyrolysis 105:143–150. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Wanza ME, Fatihi ME, Bouari AE, Cherkaoui O (2017) Thermo physical characterization of sustainable insulation materials made from textile waste. J Build Eng 12:196–201CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Environment and ArchitectureUniversity of Shanghai for Science and TechnologyShanghaiChina

Personalised recommendations