Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 25, Issue 11, pp 11063–11073 | Cite as

Occurrence, source, and ecological risk of antibiotics in Dongting Lake, China

Research Article
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Abstract

The pollution characteristics and ecological risk of 12 classified as sulfonamide, trimethoprim, quinolone, and tetracycline antibiotics in Dongting Lake, China, were studied. The total concentrations of the antibiotics ranged from 1.06 to 135.40 ng L−1 for all sampling sites. The highest average concentration was observed for sulfadiazine, followed by sulfamethoxazole. The detection frequencies (over 60%) of sulfonamides were higher than those of other antibiotics. The direct discharge of the aquaculture, livestock, and poultry wastewater might be the main pollution sources of antibiotics in the Dongting Lake. The pollution levels of antibiotics decreased in the order of East Dongting Lake > South Dongting Lake > West Dongting Lake, which may be related to the distribution and the scale of the aquaculture, livestock, and poultry sources. The seasonal changes of antibiotic concentration were relatively diversified, with the dry season generally having higher concentrations than the wet season. The results of the ecological risk assessment indicated that sulfamethoxazole, ciprofloxacin, and sarafloxacin might pose a significant risk to the aquatic organisms in Dongting Lake, especially in Potou and Nandu. This study enriches the research of emerging pollutants in freshwater lake.

Graphical abstract

Keywords

Antibiotics Dongting Lake Aquatic environment Pollution source Ecological risk 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This work was financially supported by the Ministry of Science and Technology of China (grant no. 2015FY110900) and the National Natural Science Foundation of China (41672340). The authors would like to thank the assistance of Prof. Weihao Zhang and Dr. Yixiao Wu from Wuhan University and Prof. Fang Yang from Tsinghua University.

Supplementary material

11356_2018_1290_MOESM1_ESM.docx (23 kb)
ESM 1 (DOCX 23 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of EnvironmentTsinghua UniversityBeijingChina
  2. 2.State Environmental Protection Scientific Observation and Research Station for Lake DongtingChinese Research Academy of Environmental SciencesBeijingChina
  3. 3.Shandong Normal UniversityJinanChina

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