Incorporation of corn straw biochar inhibited the re-acidification of four acidic soils derived from different parent materials Research Article First Online: 23 January 2018 Abstract
The effect of corn straw biochar on inhibiting the re-acidification of acid soils derived from different parent materials due to increased soil pH buffering capacity (pHBC) was investigated using indoor incubation and simulated acidification experiments. The incorporation of the biochar increased the pHBC of all four soils due to the increase in soil cation exchange capacity (CEC). When 5% biochar was incorporated, the pHBC was increased by 62, 27, 32, and 24% for the Ultisols derived from Tertiary red sandstone, Quaternary red earth, granite, and the Oxisol derived from basalt, respectively. Ca(OH)
2 and the biochar were added to adjust the soil pH to the same values, and then HNO 3 was added to acidify these amended soils. The results of this simulated acidification indicated that the decrease in soil pH induced by HNO 3 was lower for the treatments with the biochar added than that of the treatments with Ca(OH) 2 added. Consequently, the biochar could inhibit the re-acidification of the amended acid soils due to the increased resistance of the soils to acidification when the pH of amended soil was higher than 5.5. The inhibiting effectiveness of the biochar on soil re-acidification was greater in the Ultisol derived from Tertiary red sandstone due to its lower clay and organic matter contents and CEC than the other three soils. The incorporation of the biochar also decreased the potentially reactive Al, i.e., exchangeable Al, organically bound Al, and sorbed hydroxyl Al, compared with the treatments amended with Ca(OH) 2. Therefore, the incorporation of corn straw biochar not only inhibited the re-acidification of amended acid soils through increasing their resistance to acidification but also decreased the potential of Al toxicity generated during re-acidification. Keywords Corn straw biochar Acidic soil pH buffering capacity Soil re-acidification Potential reactive Al pool
Responsible editor: Zhihong Xu
This study was supported by the National Key Basic Research Program of China (Grant Number 2014CB441003) and the National Key Research and Development of China (Grant Number 2016YFD0200302).
Aitken RL (1992) Relationships between extractable Al, selected soil properties, pH buffer capacity and lime requirement in some acidic Queensland soils. Aust J Soil Res 30(2):119–130.
https://doi.org/10.1071/SR9920119 CrossRef Google Scholar
Beesley L, Moreno-Jiménez E, Gomez-Eyles JL, Harris E, Robinson B, Sizmur T (2011) A review of biochars’ potential role in the remediation, revegetation and restoration of contaminated soils. Environ Pollut 159(12):3269–3282.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2011.07.023 CrossRef Google Scholar
Brady NC, Weil RR (2010) Elements of the nature and properties of soils. Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River
Bowman WD, Cleveland CC, Halada Ĺ, Hreško J, Baron JS (2008) Negative impact of nitrogen deposition on soil buffering capacity. Nat Geosci 1(11):767–770.
https://doi.org/10.1038/ngeo339 CrossRef Google Scholar
Caputo J, Beier CM, Sullivan TJ, Lawrence GB (2016) Modeled effects of soil acidification on long-term ecological and economic outcomes for managed forests in the Adirondack region (USA). Sci Total Environ 565:401–411.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2016.04.008 CrossRef Google Scholar
Chen D, Lan Z, Bai X, Grace JB, Bai Y (2013) Evidence that acidification-induced declines in plant diversity and productivity are mediated by changes in below-ground communities and soil properties in a semi-arid steppe. J Ecol 101(5):1322–1334.
https://doi.org/10.1111/1365-2745.12119 CrossRef Google Scholar
Chen Z, Xiao X, Chen B, Zhu L (2015) Quantification of chemical states, dissociation constants and contents of oxygen-containing groups on the surface of biochars produced at different temperatures. Environ Sci Technol 49(1):309–317.
https://doi.org/10.1021/es5043468 CrossRef Google Scholar
Chun Y, Sheng GY, Chiou CT, Xing BS (2004) Compositions and sorptive properties of crop residue-derived chars. Environ Sci Technol 38(17):4649–4655.
https://doi.org/10.1021/es035034w CrossRef Google Scholar
Dai Z, Zhang X, Tang C, Muhammad N, Wu J, Brookes PC, Xu J (2017) Potential role of biochars in decreasing soil acidification—a critical review. Sci Total Environ 581-582:601–611.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2016.12.169 CrossRef Google Scholar
Dang T, Mosley LM, Fitzpatrick R, Marschner P (2016) Organic materials retain high proportion of protons, iron and aluminium from acid sulphate soil drainage water with little subsequent release. Environ Sci Pollut Res 23(23):23582–23592.
https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-016-7597-x CrossRef Google Scholar
Driscoll CT, Driscoll KM, Fakhraei H, Civerolo K (2016) Long-term temporal trends and spatial patterns in the acid-base chemistry of lakes in the Adirondack region of New York in response to decreases in acidic deposition. Atmos Environ 146:5–14.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.atmosenv.2016.08.034 CrossRef Google Scholar
Gaskin JW, Steiner C, Harris K, Das KC, Bibens B (2008) Effect of low-temperature pyrolysis conditions on biochar for agricultural use. T ASABE 51(6):2061–2069.
https://doi.org/10.13031/2013.25409 CrossRef Google Scholar
Gaskin JW, Speir RA, Harris K, Das KC, Lee RD, Morris LA, Fisher DS (2010) Effect of peanut hull and pine chip biochar on soil nutrients, corn nutrient status, and yield. Agron J 102(2):623–633.
https://doi.org/10.2134/agronj2009.0083 CrossRef Google Scholar
Gu B, Ju X, Chang J, Ge Y, Vitousek PM (2015) Integrated reactive nitrogen budgets and future trends in China. P Natl Acad Sci USA 112(28):8792–8797.
https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1510211112 CrossRef Google Scholar
Guo JH, Liu XJ, Zhang Y, Shen JL, Han WX, Zhang WF, Christie P, Goulding KW, Vitousek PM, Zhang FS (2010) Significant acidification in major Chinese croplands. Science 327(5968):1008–1010.
https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1182570 CrossRef Google Scholar
Inyang M, Gao B, Pullammanappallil P, Ding W, Zimmerman AR (2010) Biochar from anaerobically digested sugarcane bagasse. Bioresour Technol 101(22):8868–8872.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2010.06.088 CrossRef Google Scholar
Jiang J, Xu RK (2013) Application of crop straw derived biochars to Cu (II) contaminated Ultisol: evaluating role of alkali and organic functional groups in Cu (II) immobilization. Bioresour Technol 133:537–545.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2013.01.161 CrossRef Google Scholar
Jiang J, Yuan M, Xu RK, Bish DL (2015) Mobilization of phosphate in variable-charge soils amended with biochars derived from crop straws. Soil Till Res 146:139–147.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.still.2014.10.009 CrossRef Google Scholar
Jiang J, Dai Z, Sun R, Zhao Z, Dong Y, Hong Z, Xu R (2017) Evaluation of ferrolysis in arsenate adsorption on the paddy soil derived from an Oxisol. Chemosphere 179:232–241.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2017.03.115 CrossRef Google Scholar
Kochian LV, Pineros MA, Hoekenga OA (2005) The physiology, genetics and molecular biology of plant aluminum resistance and toxicity. Plant Soil 274(1-2):175–195.
https://doi.org/10.1007/s11104-004-1158-7 CrossRef Google Scholar
Koide RT, Petprakob K, Peoples M (2011) Quantitative analysis of biochar in field soil. Soil Biol Biochem 43(7):1563–1568.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.soilbio.2011.04.006 CrossRef Google Scholar
Lawrence GB, Hazlett PW, Fernandez IJ, Ouimet R, Bailey SW, Shortle WC, Smith KT, Antidormi MR (2015) Declining acidic deposition begins reversal of forest-soil acidification in the northeastern US and eastern Canada. Environ Sci Technol 49(22):13103–13111.
https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.est.5b02904 CrossRef Google Scholar
Lee JW, Kidder M, Evans BR, Paik S, Iii ACB, Garten CT, Brown RC (2010) Characterization of biochars produced from cornstovers for soil amendment. Environ Sci Technol 44(20):7970–7974.
https://doi.org/10.1021/es101337x CrossRef Google Scholar
Li JY, Xu RK (2007) Adsorption of phthalic acid and salicylic acid and their effect on exchangeable Al capacity of variable-charge soils. J Colloid Interf Sci 306(1):3–10.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcis.2006.10.003 CrossRef Google Scholar
Li JY, Liu ZD, Zhao WZ, Masud MM, Xu RK (2015) Alkaline slag is more effective than phosphogypsum in the amelioration of subsoil acidity in an Ultisol profile. Soil Till Res 149:21–32.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.still.2014.12.017 CrossRef Google Scholar
Li JY, Wang N, Xu RK, Tiwari D (2010) Potential of industrial byproducts in ameliorating acidity and aluminum toxicity of soils under tea plantation. Pedosphere 20(5):645–654.
https://doi.org/10.1016/S1002-0160(10)60054-9 CrossRef Google Scholar
Liang B, Lehmann J, Solomon D, Kinyangi J, Grossman J, O'neill B, Thies JK, Luizão FJ, Petersen J, Neves EG (2006) Black carbon increases cation exchange capacity in soils. Soil Sci Soc Am J 70(5):1719–1730.
https://doi.org/10.2136/sssaj2005.0383 CrossRef Google Scholar
Liu X, Song L, He C, Zhang F (2010) Nitrogen deposition as an important nutrient from the environment and its impact on ecosystems in China. J Arid Land 2(2):137–143.
https://doi.org/10.3724/SP.J.1227.2010.00137 CrossRef Google Scholar
Masud MM, Guo D, Li JY, Xu RK (2014a) Hydroxyl release by maize (
L.) roots under acidic conditions due to nitrate absorption and its potential to ameliorate an acidic Ultisol. J Soils Sediments 14(5):845–853.
https://doi.org/10.1007/s11368-013-0837-5 CrossRef Google Scholar
Masud MM, Li JY, Xu RK (2014b) The use of alkaline slag and crop residue biochars to promote base saturation and reduce soil acidity in an acidic Ultisol. Pedosphere 24(6):791–798.
https://doi.org/10.1016/S1002-0160(14)60066-7 CrossRef Google Scholar
Mehmood K, Li JY, Jiang J, Shi RY, Liu ZD, Xu RK (2017) Amelioration of an acidic Ultisol by straw-derived biochars combined with dicyandiamide under application of urea. Environ Sci Pollut Res 24(7):6698–6709.
https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-017-8373-2 CrossRef Google Scholar
Moody PW, Aitken RL (1997) Soil acidification under some tropical agricultural systems. I. Rates of acidification and contributing factors. Aust J Soil Res 35(1):163–173.
https://doi.org/10.1071/S96069 CrossRef Google Scholar
Nelson PN, Su N (2010) Soil pH buffering capacity: a descriptive function and its application to some acidic tropical soils. Aust J Soil Res 48:210–207
CrossRef Google Scholar
Nguyen TTN, Xu CY, Tahmasbian I, Che RX, Xu ZH, Zhou XH, Wallace HM, Bai SH (2017) Effects of biochar on soil available inorganic nitrogen: a review and meta-analysis. Geoderma 288:79–96.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.geoderma.2016.11.004 CrossRef Google Scholar
Pansu M, Gautheyrou J (2006) Handbook of soil analysis: mineralogical, organic and inorganic methods. Springer Verlag, Heidelberg.
https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-540-31211-6 CrossRef Google Scholar
Prendergast-Miller MT, Duvall M, Sohi SP (2011) Localisation of nitrate in the rhizosphere of biochar-amended soils. Soil Biol Biochem 43(11):2243–2246.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.soilbio.2011.07.019 CrossRef Google Scholar
Qian LB, Chen BL (2013) Dual role of biochars as adsorbents for aluminum: the effects of oxygen-containing organic components and the scattering of silicate particles. Environ Sci Technol 47(15):8759–8768.
https://doi.org/10.1021/es401756h Google Scholar
Qian LB, Chen BL, Hu DF (2013) Effective alleviation of aluminum phytotoxicity by manure-derived biochar. Environ Sci Technol 47(6):2737–2745.
https://doi.org/10.1021/es3047872 CrossRef Google Scholar
Qian LB, Chen BL (2014) Interactions of aluminum with biochars and oxidized biochars: implications for the biochar aging process. J Agric Food Chem 62(2):373–380.
https://doi.org/10.1021/jf404624h CrossRef Google Scholar
Shi RY, Li JY, Xu RK, Qian W (2016) Ameliorating effects of individual and combined application of biomass ash, bone meal and alkaline slag on acid soils. Soil Till Res 162:41–45.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.still.2016.04.017 CrossRef Google Scholar
Shi RY, Hong ZN, Li JY, Jiang J, Abdulaha-Al Baquy M, Xu RK, Qian W (2017) Mechanisms for increasing the pH buffering capacity of an acidic Ultisol by crop residue-derived biochars. J Agric Food Chem 65(37):8111–8119.
https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.jafc.7b02266 CrossRef Google Scholar
Sohi SP, Krull E, Lopez-Capel E, Bol R (2010) A review of biochar and its use and function in soil. Adv Agron 105:47–82.
https://doi.org/10.1016/S0065-2113(10)05002-9 CrossRef Google Scholar
Weaver AR, Kissel DE, Chen F, West T, Adkins W, Rickman D, Luvall JC (2004) Mapping soil pH buffering capacity of selected fields in the coastal plain. Soil Sci Soc Am J 68(2):662–668.
https://doi.org/10.2136/sssaj2004.6620 CrossRef Google Scholar
Woolf D, Amonette JE, Street-Peroott FA, Lehmann J, Joseph S (2010) Sustainable biochar to mitigate global climate change. Nat Commun 1:56
CrossRef Google Scholar
Xu RK, Ji GL (2001) Effects of H
on soil acidification and aluminum speciation in variable and constant charge soils. Water Air Soil Pollut 129(1/4):33–43.
https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1010315011341 CrossRef Google Scholar
Xu RK, Zhao AZ, Yuan JH, Jiang J (2012) pH buffering capacity of acid soils from tropical and subtropical regions of China as influenced by incorporation of crop straw biochars. J Soils Sediments 12(4):494–502.
https://doi.org/10.1007/s11368-012-0483-3 CrossRef Google Scholar
Xu RK, Zhao AZ (2013) Effect of biochars on adsorption of Cu (II), Pb(II) and Cd(II) by three variable charge soils from southern China. Environ Sci Pollut Res 20(12):8491–8501.
https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-013-1769-8 CrossRef Google Scholar
Yuan JH, Xu RK (2011) The amelioration effects of low temperature biochar generated from nine crop residues on an acidic Ultisol. Soil Use Manage 27(1):110–115.
https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1475-2743.2010.00317.x CrossRef Google Scholar
Yuan JH, Xu RK, Zhang H (2011a) The forms of alkalis in the biochar produced from crop residues at different temperatures. Bioresour Technol 102(3):3488–3497.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2010.11.018 CrossRef Google Scholar
Yuan JH, Xu RK, Qian W, Wang RH (2011b) Comparison of the ameliorating effects on an acidic Ultisol between four crop straws and their biochars. J Soils Sediments 11(5):741–750.
https://doi.org/10.1007/s11368-011-0365-0 CrossRef Google Scholar
Zhao X, Wang SQ, Xing GX (2014) Nitrification, acidification, and nitrogen leaching from subtropical cropland soils as affected by rice straw-based biochar: laboratory incubation and column leaching studies. J Soil Sediments 14(3):471–482.
https://doi.org/10.1007/s11368-013-0803-2 CrossRef Google Scholar
Zhang HM, Wang BR, Xu MG, Fan TL (2009) Crop yield and soil responses to long-term fertilization on a red soil in southern China. Pedosphere 19(2):199–207.
https://doi.org/10.1016/S1002-0160(09)60109-0 CrossRef Google Scholar
Zhu HH, Chen C, Xu C, Zhu QH, Huang DY (2016) Effects of soil acidification and liming on the phytoavailability of cadmium in paddy soils of central subtropical China. Environ Pollut 219:99–106.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2016.10.043 CrossRef Google Scholar Copyright information
© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018