Monitoring key organic indoor pollutants and their elimination in a biotrickling biofilter
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A biotrickling filter was evaluated to treat the air of the interior of a bioprocess research laboratory. Initially, various solid-phase microextraction (SPME) fibers were used to identify and quantify the volatile organic pollutants and hexane, methyl isobutyl ketone, benzene, toluene, and xylene were further selected as indicators due to their prevalence and relative abundance. The system treated organic loading rates between 0.16 mgcarbon m−3 h−1 and close to 30 mgcarbon m−3 h−1 achieving removal efficiencies (RE) over 85% during 136 operational days. Respirometry experiments demonstrated that moderate acidification (below 5.0), due to microbial activity, adversely affected biofilter performance and consequently pH control was necessary to maintain performance.
KeywordsIndoor VOCs Biotrickling filter Solid-phase microextraction SPME
Saucedo-Lucero gratefully acknowledges his postdoctoral grant from CONACYT, Mexico.
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