Analysis and utilization of temple waste flowers in Coimbatore District

Abstract

The present work deals with collection, handling, utilization, and management of the waste flowers that are coming out of the temples in Coimbatore District, Tamilnadu, India. An attempt has been made to provide a current situation and complete analysis of temple waste flowers (TWFs) with suggestions and recommendations. As a part of Clean India, Clean and Green Kovai (Green Coimbatore) mission, this paper gives an idea to reduce the volume of temple waste flowers by converting into activated carbon by direct pyrolysis process and chemical activation with sulfuric acid and phosphoric acid process, respectively. The products were analyzed and compared based on the results of physicochemical parameters including pH, conductivity, moisture content, ash content, volatile content, fixed carbon, bulk density, porosity, specific gravity, water soluble matter, acid soluble matter, iodine number, methylene blue number, yield, and Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (SBET) surface area. The structure, surface morphology, and chemical compositions of carbon were determined by field emission scanning electron microscopy (FeSEM), and energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS), respectively. From the comparison of results, the activated carbon produced from temple waste flowers by direct pyrolysis process is fairly better due to low moisture content, low ash content, better yield, and higher surface area.

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Acknowledgements

The authors thank the authorities of Jansons Institute of Technology for providing necessary facilities to carry out this research work successfully. The authors gratefully acknowledge the South India Textile Research Association (SITRA) for FeSEM-EDS. Also, we thank KSR College of Arts and Science, Tiruchengode, for help in BET analysis.

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Correspondence to Rathika Govindasamy.

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Responsible editor: Philippe Garrigues

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Elango, G., Govindasamy, R. Analysis and utilization of temple waste flowers in Coimbatore District. Environ Sci Pollut Res 25, 10688–10700 (2018). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-018-1259-0

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Keywords

  • Temple waste flowers
  • Activated carbon
  • Physicochemical parameters
  • BET
  • SEM
  • EDS
  • Suggestions and recommendations