Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 25, Issue 10, pp 9737–9744 | Cite as

Fraction distribution and leaching behavior of heavy metals in dredged sediment disposal sites around Meiliang Bay, Lake Taihu (China)

  • Min Liu
  • Jicheng Zhong
  • Xiaolan Zheng
  • Juhua Yu
  • Dehong Liu
  • Chengxin Fan
Research Article


The objectives of this study were to characterize the heavy metal contamination status of surface soils sampled at two dredged sediment land disposal sites (the Baimao and Kongwan landfills) in Meiliang Bay, Lake Taihu, China, as well as to investigate the effect on their leaching behaviors due to acid rain. Among all the metals, only the nickel content in the Baimao landfill was higher than the Chinese reference value, and all metal contents were below the limit values for agricultural soils. The fraction distribution of metals by sequential extraction was similar at both sites. Cadmium had a relatively high proportion of exchangeable-carbonate fractions, while the other metals were mainly classified as residue fractions. The metals released from soils by simulated rainwater comprised less than 1% of the total soil metal content, and the effect of acid rain on heavy metal release from dredged sediments in land disposal sites was found to be negligible at both sites. All results indicate no environmental concern for the land disposal of dredged sediments and support the feasibility of beneficially reusing dredged sediment soils as a supplement to agricultural soils.


Dredged sediment Heavy metals Sequential extraction Acid rain 


Funding information

The authors would like to acknowledge the financial support from the State Major Project of Water Pollution Control and Management (2013ZX07113001), the Key Project of Chinese Academy of Sciences (KZZD-EW-10-02), and the National Natural Science Foundation of China (41171367, 41371457).


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Lake Science and Environment, Nanjing Institution of Geography and LimnologyChinese Academy of SciencesNanjingChina
  2. 2.University of Chinese AcademyBeijingChina
  3. 3.Agricultural CollegeHenan University of Science and TechnologyLuoyangChina

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