Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 24, Issue 30, pp 23571–23577 | Cite as

Effects of golpar (Heracleum persicum Desf.) and probiotics in drinking water on performance, carcass characteristics, organ weights, blood plasma constituents, and immunity of broilers

  • Ali Jamshidparvar
  • Faramin Javandel
  • Alireza Seidavi
  • Francisco Peña Blanco
  • Andrés L. Martínez Marín
  • Carmen Avilés Ramírez
  • Estrella Agüera Buendía
  • Nieves Núñez-Sánchez
Research Article


Increasing levels of Heracleum persicum (golpar) in drinking water were studied in broilers. Two hundred and forty-one-day-old male chickens were allocated to one of six treatments: control, without added phytogenics nor probiotics in drinking water, and probiotics at recommended manufacturer’s level (P) or 1.0, 1.5, 2.0, and 2.5 ml/l of golpar extract solution (G1, G1.5, G2, and G2.5 treatments, respectively) in drinking water. As a result of this study, no linear or quadratic trends in the feed intake (FI) and feed conversion rate (FCR) due to golpar supplementation were found. Body weight gain, final body weight, and relative carcass weight showed a positive linear response with increasing levels of golpar supplementation. Neither golpar nor probiotics had effects on the percentages of edible parts of the carcass. Golpar supplementation levels caused a linear negative response of the albumin content in blood plasma, whereas both abdominal fat as percentage of carcass weight and uric acid levels in blood plasma linearly increased. The effects on Ig responses were only observed at 42 days of age and were similar in probiotics and the highest level of golpar supplementation. Based on our results, both probiotics and golpar supplementation could improve broiler performance and immune function.


Golpar Heracleum Performance Phytogenics Poultry Probiotics 



Financial support by Rasht Branch, Islamic Azad University, grant number 4.5830, is gratefully acknowledged. The Animal Production Department of the University of Cordoba is also fully acknowledged.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Animal Science, Rasht BranchIslamic Azad UniversityRashtIran
  2. 2.Departamento de Producción AnimalUniversidad de Córdoba, Campus Universitario de RabanalesCórdobaSpain

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