Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 25, Issue 11, pp 10164–10183 | Cite as

New insights on the green synthesis of metallic nanoparticles using plant and waste biomaterials: current knowledge, their agricultural and environmental applications

  • Rijuta Ganesh Saratale
  • Ganesh Dattatraya Saratale
  • Han Seung Shin
  • Jaya Mary Jacob
  • Arivalagan Pugazhendhi
  • Mukesh Bhaisare
  • Gopalakrishanan Kumar
Plant-borne compounds and nanoparticles: challenges for medicine, parasitology and entomology


Nanotechnology is a rapidly growing scientific field and has attracted a great interest over the last few years because of its abundant applications. Green nanotechnology is a multidisciplinary field that has emerged as a rapidly developing research area, serving as an important technique that emphasize on making the procedure which are clean, non-hazardous, and especially environmentally friendly, in contrast with chemical and physical methods currently employed for nanosynthesis. The biogenic routes could be termed green as these do not involve the use of highly toxic chemicals or elevated energy inputs during the synthesis. Differences in the bio-reducing agents employed for nanosynthesis can lead to the production of nanoparticles (NPs) having distinct shapes, sizes, and bioactivity. The exquitiveness of the green fabricated NPs have capacitated their potential applications in various sectors such as biomedicine, pharmacology, food science, agriculture, and environmental engineering. The present review summarizes current knowledge on various biogenic synthesis methods, relying on plants, waste biomass, and biopolymers and their reducing and stabilizing agents to fabricate nanomaterials. The main emphasis has been given on the current status and future challenges related to the wide-scale fabrication of nanoparticles for environmental remediation, pathogenicity, and agricultural applications.


Biosafety Green nanoparticles Microbial pathogen Nanopesticide Non-target effects 



This research was completely supported by Dongguk University-Seoul, South Korea under research fund 2016–2018. The financial assistance to one of the authors (GK) from Ton Duc Thang University, Vietnam, is highly acknowledged.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rijuta Ganesh Saratale
    • 1
  • Ganesh Dattatraya Saratale
    • 2
  • Han Seung Shin
    • 2
  • Jaya Mary Jacob
    • 3
  • Arivalagan Pugazhendhi
    • 4
  • Mukesh Bhaisare
    • 5
  • Gopalakrishanan Kumar
    • 4
  1. 1.Research Institute of Biotechnology and Medical Converged ScienceDongguk University-SeoulGoyang-siRepublic of Korea
  2. 2.Department of Food Science and BiotechnologyDongguk University-SeoulGoyang-siRepublic of Korea
  3. 3.Department of Biotechnology and Biochemical Engineering, Sree Buddha College of EngineeringAPJ Abdul Kalam Kerala Technological UniversityThiruvananthapuramIndia
  4. 4.Green Processing, Bioremediation and Alternative Energies Research Group, Faculty of Environment and Labour SafetyTon Duc Thang UniversityHo Chi Minh CityVietnam
  5. 5.Department of Marine Environmental EngineeringNational Kaoshung Marine UniversityKaohsiung CityTaiwan

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