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Experimental study on the stability of the ClHgSO3 in desulfurization wastewater

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Abstract

Wet flue gas desulfurization technologies have received much concern for their superior performance on co-controlling the acid gases and mercury. However, high concentrations of mercury-containing desulfurization wastewater, which discharge from wet flue gas desulfurization system regularly, have received researchers’ attention since it might generate the risk of secondary pollution. In this paper, the species of mercuric complexes in the desulfurization wastewater was investigated. It speculated that ClHgSO3 might determine the residual rate of Hg2+ in the desulfurization wastewater. Besides, the stability of ClHgSO3 on the condition of various wastewater features was also evaluated. The experiment revealed that the high temperature and high pH level promoted the decomposition of ClHgSO3 . SO3 2− could restrain the decomposition of ClHgSO3 gently; the Hg2+ residual rate was determined by the new mercury complexes which compounded by Hg2+ and SO3 2−. The decrease of SO4 2− and increase of Ca2+ concentrations could also stimulate the stability of ClHgSO3 in wastewater. Cu2+ and Fe2+ disturbed the stability of complexes for their catalysis and reduction activities. The study proposed that the ClHgSO3 probably decomposes and releases Hg0 in two pathways. Furthermore, changes of the water’s features could disturb the balance of Hg2+–Cl–SO3 2− systems, which might stimulate the decomposition of ClHgSO3.

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Acknowledgements

Financial support was sponsored by The National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC) (Grant No. 51176058), the partial funding from the Ministry of Science and Technology, China (2014CB238904, 2013CB228504), and the funding from the Science and Technology Research and Development, Shenzhen (JCYJ20160531194612911).

Author information

Correspondence to Xin Guo.

Additional information

Highlights

• The chloride–sulfite mercuric complexes contained in desulfurization wastewater.

• The stability of ClHgSO3 might determine the Hg2+ residual rate of desulfurization wastewater.

• The mechanism of ClHgSO3 decomposition in desulfurization wastewater is proposed.

Responsible editor: Santiago V. Luis

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Huang, Y., Chen, Y., Guo, X. et al. Experimental study on the stability of the ClHgSO3 in desulfurization wastewater. Environ Sci Pollut Res 24, 17031–17040 (2017). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-017-9359-9

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Keywords

  • Mercuric complexes
  • Stabilization estimate
  • Desulfurization wastewater
  • Decomposition mechanism