Advertisement

Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 24, Issue 13, pp 12319–12327 | Cite as

The effectiveness of dietary sunflower meal and exogenous enzyme on growth, digestive enzymes, carcass traits, and blood chemistry of broilers

  • Mahmoud AlagawanyEmail author
  • Adel I. Attia
  • Zenat A. Ibrahim
  • Reda A. Mahmoud
  • Sabry A. El-Sayed
Research Article

Abstract

High costs of conventional protein feed sources including soybean meal (SBM) generated the need for finding other alternatives. Thus, the present study was designed to evaluate the impact of graded replacements of SBM by sunflower seed meal (SFM) with or without enzyme supplementation on growth performance, digestive enzymes, carcass traits, and blood profile of broiler chickens. A total of 240 unsexed 1-week-old broiler chicks (Hubbard) were randomly divided into eight treatment groups of 30 chicks each in five replicates each of six chicks in a factorial design (4 × 2) arrangement, including four levels of SFM (0, 25, 50, and 75% replacing SBM) and two levels of enzyme (0- or 0.1-g/kg diet) supplementation. Performance traits including feed conversion ratio, body weight, and weight gain were significantly (P < 0.01) improved with increasing SFM up to 50% substitution for SBM or with enzyme supplementation in broiler diet during the experiment. However, feed intake of broiler chicks was decreased with enzyme supplementation (P < 0.05). The activities of digestive enzymes (protease and amylase) were significantly (P < 0.05) influenced and enhanced by SFM and enzyme inclusion in diets, respectively. The activities of protease and amylase were improved with SFM diet supplemented with 0.1 g/kg enzyme in comparison with those with the un-supplemented diet. The evaluated carcass traits were not statistically (P > 0.05) influenced by feeding SFM meal or enzyme addition. Biochemical blood parameters were significantly (P < 0.01) affected by SFM, enzyme, or their interaction in broiler diets, except for globulin that was not affected by dietary enzyme. It is concluded that increasing SFM level in the diet up to 50% replacing SBM with the supplementation of enzyme improved the growth performance and enhanced positively carcass traits as well as the activity of digestive enzymes in broiler chickens.

Keywords

Sunflower meal Enzyme Performance Carcasses Digestive enzyme Broiler 

Notes

Compliance with ethical standards

The study was performed according to the local experimental animal care committee and approved by the ethics of institutional committee of the Department of Poultry, Faculty of Agriculture, Zagazig University, Egypt.

References

  1. Adejumo DO, Williams AO (2006) Effects of partial replacement of soyabean meal or groundnut cake with sunflower seed meal in broiler chicken diets on performance and plasma metabolites. Global J Pure Appl Sci 12:159–164Google Scholar
  2. Alagawany M, Attia AI (2015) Effects of feeding sugar beet pulp and Avizyme supplementation on performance, egg quality, nutrient digestion and nitrogen balance of laying Japanese quail. Avian Biol Res 8:79–88Google Scholar
  3. Alagawany M, Farag MR, Abd El-Hack ME, Dhama K (2015) The practical application of sunflower meal in poultry nutrition. Adv Anim Vet Sci 3:634–648CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Ali SAM, Hyder O, Abdalla Abasaid MA (2011) Sunflower meal as an alternative protein source to groundnut meal in laying hens’ ration. Egypt Poult Sci 31:45–753Google Scholar
  5. Amerah AM, van de Belt K, van Der Klis JD (2015) Effect of different levels of rapeseed meal and sunflower meal and enzyme combination on the performance, digesta viscosity and carcass traits of broiler chickens fed wheat-based diets. Animal 9:1131–1137CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. AOAC (2003) Association of Official Analytical Chemists official methods of analysis 15th ed. Published the AOAC, Washington, DC, USAGoogle Scholar
  7. Azarfar A (2013) Effect of hemicell enzyme on the performance, growth parameter, some blood factors and ileal digestibility of broiler chickens fed corn/soybean-based diets. J Cell Anim Biol 7:85–91CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Brenes A, Centeno C, Viveros A, Arija I (2008) Effect of enzyme addition on the nutritive value of high oleic acid sunflower seeds in chicken diets. Poult Sci 87:2300–2310CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Chotinsky D (2015) The use of enzymes to improve utilization of nutrient in poultry diets. Bulgarian J Agri Sci 21:429–435Google Scholar
  10. El-Katcha MI, Soltan MA, El-Kaney HF, Karwarie ER (2014) Growth performance, blood parameters, immune response and carcass traits of broiler chicks fed on graded levels of wheat instead of corn without or with enzyme supplementation. Alex J Vet Sci 40:95–111Google Scholar
  11. Gitoee A, Janmohammadi H, Taghizadeh A, Rafat SA (2015) Effects of a multi-enzyme on performance and carcass characteristics of broiler chickens fed corn-soybean meal basal diets with different metabolizable energy levels. J Appl Anim Res 43(3):295–302CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Goli S, Shahryar HA (2015) Effect of enzymes supplementation (rovabio and kemin) on some blood biochemical parameters, performance and carcass characterizes in broiler chickens. Iranian J Appl Anim Sci 19:127–131Google Scholar
  13. Gracia MI, Aranibar MJ, Lazaro R, Medel P, Mateos GG (2003) Alfa-amylase supplementation of broiler diets based on corn. Poult Sci 82:436–442CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Horvatovic MP, Glamocic D, Zikic D, Hadnadjev TD (2015) Performance and some intestinal functions of broilers fed diets with different inclusion levels of sunflower meal and supplemented or not with enzymes. Braz J Poult Sci 17:25–30Google Scholar
  15. Laudadio V, Tufarelli V (2011) Dehulled-micronised lupin (Lupinus albus L. cv. Multitalia) as the main protein source for broilers: influence on growth performance, carcass traits and meat fatty acid composition. J Sci Food Agri 91:2081–2087CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Laudadio V, Bastoni E, Introna M, Tufarelli V (2013) Production of low-fiber sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) meal by micronization and air classification processes. CyTA-J Food 11:398–403CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Laudadio V, Introna M, Lastella NM, Tufarelli V (2014) Feeding of low-fibre sunflower (Helianthus annus L.) meal as substitute of soybean meal in turkey rations: effects on growth performance and meat quality. J Poult Sci 51:185–190Google Scholar
  18. Mushtaq T, Sarwar M, Ahmad G, Mirza MA, Ahmad T, Noreen U, Mushtaq MMH, Kamran Z (2009) Influence of sunflower meal based diets supplemented with exogenous enzyme and digestible lysine on performance, digestibility and carcass response of broiler chickens. Anim Feed Sci Tech 149:275–286CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Najafi MF, Deobagkar D, Deobagkar D (2005) Purification and characterization of an extracellular α-amylase from Bacillus subtilis AX20. Protein Exp Purif 41:349–354CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Najafi MF, Deobagkar DN, Mehrvarz M, Deobagkar D (2006) Enzymatic properties of a novel highly active and chelator resistant protease from a Pseudomonas aeruginosa PD100. Enz Microb Technol 39:1433–1440CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. National Research Council, NRC (1994) Nutrient requirements of poultry. National Academy of Sciences, Washington, DC, USAGoogle Scholar
  22. Noy Y, Sklan D (1995) Digestion and absorption in the young chick. Poult Sci 74:366–373CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Rabie MH, Abo El-Maaty HMA (2015) Growth performance of Japanese quail as affected by dietary protein level and enzyme supplementation. Asian J Anim Vet Adv 10:74–85CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Rajesh MM, Sudhakara P, Reddy PVVSN (2006) Effect of sunflower meal with or without enzyme supplementation on the performance of broilers. Ind J Vet Anim Sci Res 2:200–204Google Scholar
  25. Rama Rao SV, Raju MVLN, Panda AK, Redely MR (2006) Sunflower seed meal as a substitute for soybean meal in commercial broiler chicken diets. Br Poult Sci 47:592–598CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Salari S, Nassiri Moghaddam H, Arshami J, Golian A (2009) Nutritional evaluation of full-fat sunflower seed for broiler chickens. Asian-Aust J Anim Sci 22:557–564CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Sherif KEI, Gerendai D, Gippert T (1997) Complete substitution of sunflower meal for soybean meal with or without enzyme supplementation in broiler rations. Arch Geflügelkund 61:8–14Google Scholar
  28. Swain BK, Johri TS, Shrivastav AK, Majumdar S (1996) Performance of broilers fed on high or low fibre diets supplemented with digestive enzymes. J Appl Anim Res 10:95–102CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Tufarelli V, Dario M, Laudadio V (2007) Effect of xylanase supplementation and particle-size on performance of guinea fowl broilers fed wheat-based diets. Int J Poult Sci 4:302–307CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Uni Z, Noy Y, Sklan D (1999) Post-hatch development of small intestinal function in the poult. Poult Sci 78:215–222CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Vetesi M, Mezes M, Kiss L (1998) Using sunflower meal in waterfowl diets. Arch Geflügelkund 62:7–10Google Scholar
  32. Zimmerman HJ (1976) Various forms of chemically induced liver injury and their detection by diagnostic. Environ Health Perspect 15:3–12CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mahmoud Alagawany
    • 1
    Email author
  • Adel I. Attia
    • 1
  • Zenat A. Ibrahim
    • 1
  • Reda A. Mahmoud
    • 1
  • Sabry A. El-Sayed
    • 2
  1. 1.Poultry Department, Faculty of AgricultureZagazig UniversityZagazigEgypt
  2. 2.Department of Nutrition and Clinical Nutrition, Faculty of Veterinary MedicineZagazig UniversityZagazigEgypt

Personalised recommendations