Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 24, Issue 9, pp 7994–8003 | Cite as

Dissipation and phytoremediation of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in freshly spiked and long-term field-contaminated soils

  • Ran Wei
  • Jinzhi NiEmail author
  • Xiaoyan Li
  • Weifeng Chen
  • Yusheng Yang
Research Article


Pot experiments were used to compare the dissipation and phytoremediation effect of alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) for polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in a freshly spiked soil and two field-contaminated soils with different soil organic carbon (SOC) contents (Anthrosols, 1.41% SOC; Phaeozems, 8.51% SOC). In spiked soils, the dissipation rates of phenanthrene and pyrene were greater than 99.5 and 94.3%, respectively, in planted treatments and 95.0 and 84.5%, respectively, in unplanted treatments. In field-contaminated Anthrosols, there were limited but significant reductions of 10.2 and 15.4% of total PAHs in unplanted and planted treatments, respectively. In field-contaminated Phaeozems, there were no significant reductions of total PAHs in either unplanted or planted treatments. A phytoremediation effect was observed for the spiked soils and the Anthrosols, but not for the Phaeozems. The results indicated that laboratory tests with spiked soils cannot reflect the real state of field-contaminated soils. Phytoremediation efficiency of PAHs in field-contaminated soils was mainly determined by the content of SOC. Phytoremediation alone has no effect on the removal of PAHs in field-contaminated soils with high SOC content.


Phytoremediation Phytoavailability PAHs Spiked soil Field-contaminated soil Soil organic matter 



This research was funded by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (41671326), the Basic Scientific Research Special Project for Research Institutes of Fujian Province (2015R1034), the Natural Science Foundation of Fujian Province (2014J01153), and the Program for Innovative Research Team in Fujian Normal University, China (IRTL1205). The appreciation is also given to Dr. Joseph J. Pignatello of CAES, USA, for language corrections.

Supplementary material

11356_2017_8459_MOESM1_ESM.docx (23 kb)
ESM 1 (DOCX 23 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ran Wei
    • 1
  • Jinzhi Ni
    • 1
    Email author
  • Xiaoyan Li
    • 1
  • Weifeng Chen
    • 1
  • Yusheng Yang
    • 1
  1. 1.Key Laboratory of Humid Subtropical Eco-geographical Process, Ministry of Education, College of Geographical SciencesFujian Normal UniversityFuzhouChina

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