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Public policy performance for social development: solar energy approach to assess technological outcome in Mexico City Metropolitan Area

Abstract

Mexico City Metropolitan Area (MCMA) is the most populated urban area in the country. In 2010, MCMA required 14.8% of total energy domestic demand, but greenhouse gas emissions accounted for 7.7% of domestic emissions. Mexico has massive renewable energy potential that could be harnessed through solar photovoltaic (PV) technology. The problem to explore is the relationship between local and federal public strategies in MCMA and their stance on energy transition concern, social empowerment, new technology appropriation, and the will to boost social development and urban sustainability. A public policy typology was conducted through instruments of State intervention approach, based on political agenda articulation and environmental local interactions. Social equality is encouraged by means of forthright funding and in-kind support and energy policies focus on non-renewable energy subsidies and electric transmission infrastructure investment. There is a lack of vision for using PV technology as a guiding axis for marginalized population development. It is essential to promote economic and political rearrangement in order to level and structure environmental governance. It is essential to understand people’s representation about their own needs along with renewable energy.

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Notes

  1. This definition may differ from Encyclopedia Britannica’s printed version since it was consulted from its webpage. Available online: https://global.britannica.com/science. Furthermore, the specific definition was taken from the encyclopedia’s scientific approach as stated in the web link.

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Acknowledgements

This research was possible thanks to “Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnología” funding, through scholarship #346887. Work was done with support from Transdisciplinary Ph.D. program in Scientific and Technological Development for Society within “Centro de Investigación y de Estudios Avanzados” facilities. Special thanks to “Sociedad Mexicana del Hidrógeno” and XV International Congress of the Mexican Hydrogen Society for the provided fellowship.

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Correspondence to Angel Raúl Arenas-Aquino.

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Arenas-Aquino, A.R., Matsumoto-Kuwabara, Y. & Kleiche-Dray, M. Public policy performance for social development: solar energy approach to assess technological outcome in Mexico City Metropolitan Area. Environ Sci Pollut Res 24, 25571–25581 (2017). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-017-8387-9

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-017-8387-9

Keywords

  • Photovoltaic technology
  • Social development
  • Environmental governance
  • Mexican policy
  • Marginalization
  • Public strategies