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Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 25, Issue 10, pp 9380–9390 | Cite as

Can Cd translocation in Oryza sativa L. be attenuated by arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in the presence of EDTA?

  • Xiaochen Huang
  • Guangnan An
  • Shishu Zhu
  • Li Wang
  • Fang Ma
Research Article

Abstract

Arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi play an important role in plant tolerance of heavy metal contamination. In this study, a pot experiment was conducted to illustrate the effects of the two AM fungi species Funneliformis mosseae (Fm) and Rhizophagus irregularis (Ri) on plant growth of Oryza sativa L. either with or without ethylenediamine tetraacetate (EDTA) addition and during exposure to five Cd concentrations (in the range of 0–5 mg kg−1). The results showed that Fm inoculation achieved greater mycorrhizal colonization and mycorrhizal dependency indexes than Ri inoculation. In addition, the effects of AM fungi on Cd biosorption and translocation in rice were also investigated in the presence of EDTA. Despite cooperative adsorption, the Freundlich isotherm could describe the biosorption effects of Cd on rice roots regardless of AM fungi inoculation or EDTA addition. Cd concentrations in mycorrhizal roots increased but decreased in mycorrhizal shoots in contrast to the control treatment. Although EDTA addition negatively inhibited the uptake of Cd to mycorrhizal shoots, lower translocation factor (TF) and bioconcentration factor (BCF) were still observed in treatments with EDTA compared to control treatment. Our findings suggest that Ri and Fm inoculation enhanced Cd immobilization in the roots, thus preventing Cd entry into the food chain during exposure to low and high Cd stress, respectively.

Keywords

Cadmium Immobilization Funneloformis mosseae Rhizophagus irregularis EDTA 

Notes

Funding information

The research was supported by the Nanqi Ren Studio, Academy of Environment & Ecology, Harbin Institute of Technology (HSCJ201708) and the National Natural Science Foundation of China (31570505).

Supplementary material

11356_2017_1157_MOESM1_ESM.docx (68 kb)
ESM 1 (DOCX 68 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Urban Water Resource and EnvironmentHarbin Institute of TechnologyHarbinPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Appraisal Center for Environment & Engineering Ministry of Environmental ProtectionBeijingPeople’s Republic of China

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