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Interaction of pesticides with natural and synthetic solids. Evaluation in dynamic and equilibrium conditions

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Interactions between pesticides (paraquat, glyphosate, 2,4-D, atrazine, and metsulfuron methyl) and soil organic and inorganic components have been studied in batch experiments by performing adsorption, dissolution, and chemical and photochemical degradation under different conditions. The obtained results confirm that the affinity of a pesticide to the solid surface depends on the nature of both and shows that each reactant strongly affects the mobility of the other one, e.g., anionic pesticides promote the dissolution of the solid humic acid but if this last is retained into the inorganic matrix enhances the adsorption of a cationic pesticide. Adsorption also seems to protect the bonded specie to be chemical degraded, such as shown in two pesticide/clay systems at constant pH. The use of mesoporous silicas could result in a good alternative for pesticide remediation. In fact, the solid shows high adsorption capacity towards paraquat and its modification with TiO2 nanoparticles increases not only the pesticide adsorption but also seems to catalyze its degradation under UV light to less-toxic metabolites. UV-VIS spectroscopy was relevant and novel in such sense. Electrostatic interactions, hydrogen and coordinative bonds formations, surface complexations and hydrophobic associations play a key role in the fate of mentioned pesticides on soil and ground/surface water environments.

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The authors thank Dr. Raul Garay (INQUISUR) for providing isonicotinic acid.


This work was financed by SECyT-UNS (PGI UNS 24-Q051), CONICET (PIP 11220110100345) and ANPCYT (PICT 2011-1618). MB is member of CONICET. JOO thanks CONICET for the fellowship granted.

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Correspondence to Maximiliano Brigante.

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Responsible editor: Philippe Garrigues

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Otalvaro, J.O., Brigante, M. Interaction of pesticides with natural and synthetic solids. Evaluation in dynamic and equilibrium conditions. Environ Sci Pollut Res 25, 6707–6719 (2018).

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