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Effects of organochlorine pesticides on plant growth-promoting traits of phosphate-solubilizing rhizobacterium, Paenibacillus sp. IITISM08

Abstract

The study aimed to identify an effective phosphate-solubilizing and organochlorine pesticide-tolerant bacterial strain(s). A total of 50 phosphate-solubilizing bacterial (PSB) strains were isolated from pesticide-stressed soil. Ten isolates showing higher solubilization were selected for organochlorine pesticides (endosulfan, aldrin, and lindane) tolerance. The strain IITISM08 showed the maximum potential of phosphorous solubilization in Pikovaskya agar medium (solubilization index = 3.2) and in broth medium (348 ± 2 μg mL−1) and tolerated up to 250 μg mL−1 of organochlorine pesticides. During phosphorous solubilization, the presence of functional group and organic acid production were also observed using FT-IR and HPLC. The plant growth-promoting (PGP) traits of the strain IITISM08 was highly inhibited in presence of endosulfan among the three organochlroine pesticides. The strain IITISM08 degraded aldrin (79%), lindane (68%), and endosulfan (51%) at a concentration of 50 μg mL−1. The strain IITISM08 was identified using 16S rDNA gene sequencing as Paenibacillus sp. (IITISM08). The study revealed that the strain IITISM08 can be used as PGP candidate even under organochlorine pesticide-stressed condition.

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Correspondence to Vipin Kumar.

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Responsible editor: Diane Purchase

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Rani, R., Usmani, Z., Gupta, P. et al. Effects of organochlorine pesticides on plant growth-promoting traits of phosphate-solubilizing rhizobacterium, Paenibacillus sp. IITISM08. Environ Sci Pollut Res 25, 5668–5680 (2018). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-017-0940-z

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-017-0940-z

Keywords

  • Phosphorous-solubilizing bacteria
  • Organochlorine pesticides
  • Plant growth-promoting traits
  • Pesticide-resistant bacteria
  • Rhizospheric soil